We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America's Racial Geography.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      housing
      New Deal
      public policy
      redlining
      segregation
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The contemporary practice of homeownership in the United States was born out of government programs adopted during the New Deal. The Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC)—and later the Federal Housing Administration and GI Bill—expanded home buying opportunity, although in segregationist fashion. Through mechanisms such as redlining, these policies fueled white suburbanization and black ghettoization, while laying the foundation for the racial wealth gap. This is the first article to investigate the long-term consequences of these policies on the segregation of cities. I combine a full century of census data with archival data to show that cities HOLC appraised became more segregated than those it ignored. The gap emerged between 1930 and 1950 and remains significant: in 2010, the black-white dissimilarity, black isolation, and white-black information theory indices are 12, 16, and 8 points higher in appraised cities, respectively. Results are consistent across a range of robustness checks, including exploitation of imperfect implementation of appraisal guidelines and geographic spillover. These results contribute to current theoretical discussions about the persistence of segregation. The long-term impact of these policies is a reminder of the intentionality that shaped racial geography in the United States, and the scale of intervention that will be required to disrupt the persistence of segregation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1New York University
    • Full Text Word Count:
      18522
    • ISSN:
      0003-1224
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0003122420948464
    • Accession Number:
      146151538
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      FABER, J. W. We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography. American Sociological Review, [s. l.], v. 85, n. 5, p. 739–775, 2020. DOI 10.1177/0003122420948464. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=sih&AN=146151538. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Faber JW. We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography. American Sociological Review. 2020;85(5):739-775. doi:10.1177/0003122420948464
    • APA:
      Faber, J. W. (2020). We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography. American Sociological Review, 85(5), 739–775. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122420948464
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Faber, Jacob W. 2020. “We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography.” American Sociological Review 85 (5): 739–75. doi:10.1177/0003122420948464.
    • Harvard:
      Faber, J. W. (2020) ‘We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography’, American Sociological Review, 85(5), pp. 739–775. doi: 10.1177/0003122420948464.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Faber, JW 2020, ‘We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography’, American Sociological Review, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 739–775, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Faber, Jacob W. “We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography.” American Sociological Review, vol. 85, no. 5, Oct. 2020, pp. 739–775. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0003122420948464.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Faber, Jacob W. “We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography.” American Sociological Review 85, no. 5 (October 2020): 739–75. doi:10.1177/0003122420948464.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Faber JW. We Built This: Consequences of New Deal Era Intervention in America’s Racial Geography. American Sociological Review [Internet]. 2020 Oct [cited 2020 Nov 24];85(5):739–75. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=sih&AN=146151538