Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Keyword(s):
      Apartheid; Disability Sport; Government; Para Sport; South Africa
    • Abstract:
      At the 1961 Commonwealth Conference, Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker set in motion a clause that prevented South Africa from regaining admittance to the British Commonwealth rather than demanding the South African government remove its racist policies and laws. There had long been calls for an international boycott and sanctions against South Africa because of apartheid, but the Canadian government had done little to verify its stance in this regard. In 1976, Toronto played host to the Olympiad for the Physically Disabled; the invitation and arrival of a unified South African team forced the federal government to take a stand and withdrew all financial and moral support of the games. However, this political statement did nothing end apartheid or drive international human rights policies. Furthermore, it also showed that the Canadian government was unable to reflect on its own history of racial inequality with regards to Indigenous peoples. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR
    • Author Affiliations:
      1 Laurentian University, Canada
    • ISSN:
      21527857
    • Publication Type:
      Publication Type: Article Update Code: 20200204
    • Accession Number:
      141508447
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SCHWEINBENZ, A. N. Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society, [s. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 1–10, 2020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=141508447. Acesso em: 9 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Schweinbenz AN. Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society. 2020;11(2):1-10. Accessed August 9, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=141508447
    • APA:
      Schweinbenz, A. N. (2020). Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society, 11(2), 1–10.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Schweinbenz, Amanda Nicole. 2020. “Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.” International Journal of Sport & Society 11 (2): 1–10. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=141508447.
    • Harvard:
      Schweinbenz, A. N. (2020) ‘Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled’, International Journal of Sport & Society, 11(2), pp. 1–10. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=141508447 (Accessed: 9 August 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Schweinbenz, AN 2020, ‘Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled’, International Journal of Sport & Society, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 1–10, viewed 9 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Schweinbenz, Amanda Nicole. “Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.” International Journal of Sport & Society, vol. 11, no. 2, Jan. 2020, pp. 1–10. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=141508447.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Schweinbenz, Amanda Nicole. “Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.” International Journal of Sport & Society 11, no. 2 (January 2020): 1–10. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=141508447.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Schweinbenz AN. Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society [Internet]. 2020 Jan [cited 2020 Aug 9];11(2):1–10. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=141508447