体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology.

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  • Author(s): 任占兵1; 吴进龙1; 陈小英2
  • Source:
    Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan 2019, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p86 10p.
  • Language:
    Chinese
  • Additional Information
    • Keyword(s):
      endurance running hypothesis; human evolution; physical anthropology; 人类进化; 体质人类学; 耐力跑步假说
    • Abstract:
      By reviewing and analyzing the literature on human morphological and lifestyle evolution in relation to human endurance running, by means of comparison, the authors carried out an in-depth analysis on the body structures, muscle structures and biomechanical characteristics of human beings and primate chimpanzees, and further interpreted the human endurance running hypothesis from the perspectives of the characteristics of the diet structure, hunting manner and foraging distance of primitive human beings. Human endurance running can be traced back to the entire process of human origination and evolution; the formation of human endurance running was an extremely complicated process of evolution, subject to the joint influence of various factors such as human heredity, biomutation and natural selection. The morphological foundation of endurance running was mainly embodied in the post-cranial characteristic, longer lower limbs, shorter toe phalangeal bones, higher and more elastic foot arch, narrower hip joint and wider gluteus maximus, which were more suitable for running, gradually formed in the process of human evolution; endurance running lifestyle evolution was mainly embodied in the change of the human diet structure, the appearance of meat and meat as an important proportion of diet starting to increase, the appearance of the way of persistent endurance hunting, the increase of human foraging distance, etc. From the perspective of physical anthropology, the endurance running hypothesis has certain rationality, the phenomenon of the endurance running enthusiasm in modem society has the evolution root for its formation; in the process of human evolution, the adaptive change of human's own morphological structure is the intrinsic reason for the establishment of the endurance running hypothesis; human lifestyle evolution and human adaptation to environments are the extrinsic reasons for the establishment of the endurance running hypothesis. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR
    • Author Affiliations:
      1 深圳大学体育部,广东深圳518060; 2 广州体育学院体育传媒学院,广东广州510500
    • ISSN:
      10067116
    • Publication Type:
      Publication Type: Article Update Code: 20191202
    • Accession Number:
      139931617
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      任占兵; 吴进龙; 陈小英. 体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology. Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan, [s. l.], v. 26, n. 5, p. 86–95, 2019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617. Acesso em: 3 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      任占兵, 吴进龙, 陈小英. 体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology. Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan. 2019;26(5):86-95. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617. Accessed July 3, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      任占兵, 吴进龙, 陈小英. 体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology. Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan. 2019;26(5):86-95. Accessed July 3, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617
    • APA:
      任占兵, 吴进龙, & 陈小英. (2019). 体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology. Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan, 26(5), 86–95.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      任占兵, 吴进龙, and 陈小英. 2019. “体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human Endurance Running Hypothesis from the Perspective of Physical Anthropology.” Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan 26 (5): 86–95. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617.
    • Harvard:
      任占兵, 吴进龙 and 陈小英 (2019) ‘体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology’, Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan, 26(5), pp. 86–95. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617 (Accessed: 3 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      任占兵, 吴进龙 & 陈小英 2019, ‘体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology’, Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 86–95, viewed 3 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      任占兵, et al. “体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human Endurance Running Hypothesis from the Perspective of Physical Anthropology.” Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan, vol. 26, no. 5, Sept. 2019, pp. 86–95. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      任占兵, 吴进龙, and 陈小英. “体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human Endurance Running Hypothesis from the Perspective of Physical Anthropology.” Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan 26, no. 5 (September 2019): 86–95. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      任占兵, 吴进龙, 陈小英. 体质人类学视角下的人类耐力跑步假说. / Human endurance running hypothesis from the perspective of physical anthropology. Journal of Physical Education / Tiyu Xuekan [Internet]. 2019 Sep [cited 2020 Jul 3];26(5):86–95. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=s3h&AN=139931617