Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Molecular Medicine, SMS, KNUST, Ghana
      Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
      Comboni Hospital, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
      Department of Physiology, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background. Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Evidence indicates that endothelial dysfunction is central to the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. This study assessed the level of the components of the arginine-nitric oxide pathway to evaluate endothelial dysfunction in normotensive pregnancies and pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia. Methods. This case-control study was conducted among pregnant women who visited Comboni Hospital from January 2017 to May 2018. A total of 180 pregnant women comprising 88 preeclamptic women (PE) and 92 healthy normotensive pregnant women (NP) were recruited. Sociodemographic, clinical, and obstetric data were obtained using validated questionnaires. Blood pressure and anthropometrics were measured, and blood samples were collected for the estimation of nitric oxide (NO), L-arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and 3-nitrotyrosine using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. Results. The mean NO (p = 0.010) and L-arginine/ADMA ratio (p < 0.0001) was significantly lower in PE compared to NP while mean L-arginine (p = 0.034), ADMA (p < 0.0001), and 3-nitrotyrosine (p < 0.0001) were significantly higher in PE than NP. ADMA showed a significant positive association with systolic blood pressure (β = 0.454 , p = 0.036) in severe PE. Women with PE had significant intrauterine growth restriction (p < 0.0001) and low birth weight infants (p < 0.0001) when compared to NP. Conclusion. Preeclampsia is associated with reduced NO bioavailability, L-arginine/ADMA ratio, and elevated levels of ADMA and 3-nitrotyrosine. Measurements of the levels of these parameters can help in the early prediction of endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia. Exogenous therapeutic supplementation with L-arginine during pregnancy to increase the L-arginine/ADMA ratio should be considered to improve endothelial function in preeclampsia and pregnant women at risk of developing preeclampsia.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      2314-6133
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 101600173
    • Publication Date:
      20201030
    • Publication Date:
      20201030
    • DOI:
      10.1155/2020/3251956
    • Accession Number:
      146585181
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TASHIE, W. et al. Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia. BioMed Research International, [s. l.], p. 1–9, 2020. DOI 10.1155/2020/3251956. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=146585181. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Tashie W, Fondjo LA, Owiredu WKBA, et al. Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia. BioMed Research International. October 2020:1-9. doi:10.1155/2020/3251956
    • APA:
      Tashie, W., Fondjo, L. A., Owiredu, W. K. B. A., Ephraim, R. K. D., Asare, L., Adu-Gyamfi, E. A., & Seidu, L. (2020). Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia. BioMed Research International, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3251956
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Tashie, Worlanyo, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, William K. B. A. Owiredu, Richard K. D. Ephraim, Listowell Asare, Enoch Appiah Adu-Gyamfi, and Laila Seidu. 2020. “Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia.” BioMed Research International, October, 1–9. doi:10.1155/2020/3251956.
    • Harvard:
      Tashie, W. et al. (2020) ‘Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia’, BioMed Research International, pp. 1–9. doi: 10.1155/2020/3251956.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Tashie, W, Fondjo, LA, Owiredu, WKBA, Ephraim, RKD, Asare, L, Adu-Gyamfi, EA & Seidu, L 2020, ‘Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia’, BioMed Research International, pp. 1–9, viewed 1 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Tashie, Worlanyo, et al. “Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia.” BioMed Research International, Oct. 2020, pp. 1–9. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1155/2020/3251956.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Tashie, Worlanyo, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, William K. B. A. Owiredu, Richard K. D. Ephraim, Listowell Asare, Enoch Appiah Adu-Gyamfi, and Laila Seidu. “Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia.” BioMed Research International, October 22, 2020, 1–9. doi:10.1155/2020/3251956.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Tashie W, Fondjo LA, Owiredu WKBA, Ephraim RKD, Asare L, Adu-Gyamfi EA, et al. Altered Bioavailability of Nitric Oxide and L-Arginine Is a Key Determinant of Endothelial Dysfunction in Preeclampsia. BioMed Research International [Internet]. 2020 Oct 22 [cited 2020 Dec 1];1–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=146585181