Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      27150Maricopa County Department of Public Health, Phoenix, AZ, USA
      College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA
      Division of State and Local Readiness, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
      The Rusinak Group, LLC, Mesa, AZ, USA
      Mohave County Department of Public Health, Kingman, AZ, USA
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      School nurses often play large roles in implementation of school vaccination requirements aimed at controlling the spread of communicable disease. We analyzed the association between the presence of a school nurse and school-level vaccination rates in Arizona. Using school-level data from Arizona sixth-grade schools (n = 749), we regressed average sixth-grade school-level immunization rates on presence of a school nurse (registered nurse [RN] or licensed practical nurse [LPN]) and school-level socioeconomic status (SES), controlling for other school- and district-level characteristics. Schools with a nurse had higher overall vaccination rates than those without a nurse (96.1% vs. 95.0%, p <.01). For schools in the lowest SES quartile, the presence of a school nurse was associated with approximately 2 percentage point higher immunization rates. These findings add to the growing literature that defines the impact of school nurses on student health status and outcomes, emphasizing the value of school nurses, especially in lower SES schools.
    • Journal Subset:
      Nursing; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      1059-8405
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 9206498
    • Publication Date:
      20201015
    • Publication Date:
      20201016
    • DOI:
      10.1177/1059840518824639
    • Accession Number:
      146177280
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MCCULLOUGH, J. M. et al. Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015. Journal of School Nursing, [s. l.], v. 36, n. 5, p. 360–368, 2020. DOI 10.1177/1059840518824639. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=146177280. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      McCullough JM, Sunenshine R, Rusinak R, Mead P, England B. Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015. Journal of School Nursing. 2020;36(5):360-368. doi:10.1177/1059840518824639
    • APA:
      McCullough, J. M., Sunenshine, R., Rusinak, R., Mead, P., & England, B. (2020). Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015. Journal of School Nursing, 36(5), 360–368. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059840518824639
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      McCullough, J. Mac, Rebecca Sunenshine, Ramona Rusinak, Patty Mead, and Bob England. 2020. “Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015.” Journal of School Nursing 36 (5): 360–68. doi:10.1177/1059840518824639.
    • Harvard:
      McCullough, J. M. et al. (2020) ‘Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015’, Journal of School Nursing, 36(5), pp. 360–368. doi: 10.1177/1059840518824639.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      McCullough, JM, Sunenshine, R, Rusinak, R, Mead, P & England, B 2020, ‘Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015’, Journal of School Nursing, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 360–368, viewed 1 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      McCullough, J.Mac, et al. “Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015.” Journal of School Nursing, vol. 36, no. 5, Oct. 2020, pp. 360–368. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/1059840518824639.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      McCullough, J. Mac, Rebecca Sunenshine, Ramona Rusinak, Patty Mead, and Bob England. “Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015.” Journal of School Nursing 36, no. 5 (October 2020): 360–68. doi:10.1177/1059840518824639.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      McCullough JM, Sunenshine R, Rusinak R, Mead P, England B. Association of Presence of a School Nurse With Increased Sixth-Grade Immunization Rates in Low-Income Arizona Schools in 2014–2015. Journal of School Nursing [Internet]. 2020 Oct [cited 2020 Dec 1];36(5):360–8. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=146177280