Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      CDC COVID-NET Team
      US Public Health Service, Rockville, Maryland
      Eagle Global Scientific, Atlanta, Georgia
      Cherokee Nation Assurance, Arlington, Virginia
      California Emerging Infections Program, Oakland, California
      School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California
      University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado
      Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment, Denver, Colorado
      Connecticut Emerging Infections Program, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut
      Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia
      Emerging Infections Program, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia
      Iowa Department of Public Health, Des Moines, Iowa
      Maryland Department of Health, Baltimore, Maryland
      Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, Lansing, Michigan
      Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota
      New Mexico Emerging Infections Program, Albuquerque, New Mexico
    • Corporate Authors:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Most reported cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children aged <18 years appear to be asymptomatic or mild (1). Less is known about severe COVID-19 illness requiring hospitalization in children. During March 1-July 25, 2020, 576 pediatric COVID-19 cases were reported to the COVID-19-Associated Hospitalization Surveillance Network (COVID-NET), a population-based surveillance system that collects data on laboratory-confirmed COVID-19-associated hospitalizations in 14 states (2,3). Based on these data, the cumulative COVID-19-associated hospitalization rate among children aged <18 years during March 1-July 25, 2020, was 8.0 per 100,000 population, with the highest rate among children aged <2 years (24.8). During March 21-July 25, weekly hospitalization rates steadily increased among children (from 0.1 to 0.4 per 100,000, with a weekly high of 0.7 per 100,000). Overall, Hispanic or Latino (Hispanic) and non-Hispanic black (black) children had higher cumulative rates of COVID-19-associated hospitalizations (16.4 and 10.5 per 100,000, respectively) than did non-Hispanic white (white) children (2.1). Among 208 (36.1%) hospitalized children with complete medical chart reviews, 69 (33.2%) were admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU); 12 of 207 (5.8%) required invasive mechanical ventilation, and one patient died during hospitalization. Although the cumulative rate of pediatric COVID-19-associated hospitalization remains low (8.0 per 100,000 population) compared with that among adults (164.5),* weekly rates increased during the surveillance period, and one in three hospitalized children were admitted to the ICU, similar to the proportion among adults. Continued tracking of SARS-CoV-2 infections among children is important to characterize morbidity and mortality. Reinforcement of prevention efforts is essential in congregate settings that serve children, including childcare centers and schools.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Public Health; USA
    • Instrumentation:
      Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART)
    • ISSN:
      0149-2195
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: NLM32790664 NLM UID: 7802429
    • Publication Date:
      In Process
    • Publication Date:
      20200926
    • DOI:
      10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3
    • Accession Number:
      145156792
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KIM, L. et al. Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, [s. l.], v. 69, n. 32, p. 1081–1088, 2020. DOI 10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=145156792. Acesso em: 5 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kim L, Whitake M, O’Halloran A, et al. Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report. 2020;69(32):1081-1088. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3
    • APA:
      Kim, L., Whitake, M., O’Halloran, A., Kambhampati, A., Chai, S. J., Reingold, A., Armistead, I., Kawasaki, B., Meek, J., Yousey-Hindes, K., Anderson, E. J., Openo, K. P., Weigel, A., Ryan, P., Monroe, M. L., Fox, K., Kim, S., Lynfield, R., Bye, E., & Davis, S. S. (2020). Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 69(32), 1081–1088. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kim, Lindsay, Michael Whitake, Alissa O’Halloran, Anita Kambhampati, Shua J. Chai, Arthur Reingold, Isaac Armistead, et al. 2020. “Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020.” MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 69 (32): 1081–88. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3.
    • Harvard:
      Kim, L. et al. (2020) ‘Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020’, MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 69(32), pp. 1081–1088. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kim, L, Whitake, M, O’Halloran, A, Kambhampati, A, Chai, SJ, Reingold, A, Armistead, I, Kawasaki, B, Meek, J, Yousey-Hindes, K, Anderson, EJ, Openo, KP, Weigel, A, Ryan, P, Monroe, ML, Fox, K, Kim, S, Lynfield, R, Bye, E & Davis, SS 2020, ‘Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020’, MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 69, no. 32, pp. 1081–1088, viewed 5 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kim, Lindsay, et al. “Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020.” MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 69, no. 32, Aug. 2020, pp. 1081–1088. EBSCOhost, doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kim, Lindsay, Michael Whitake, Alissa O’Halloran, Anita Kambhampati, Shua J. Chai, Arthur Reingold, Isaac Armistead, et al. “Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020.” MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 69, no. 32 (August 14, 2020): 1081–88. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6932e3.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kim L, Whitake M, O’Halloran A, Kambhampati A, Chai SJ, Reingold A, et al. Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Children Aged <18 Years Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed COVID-19 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-July 25, 2020. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report [Internet]. 2020 Aug 14 [cited 2020 Dec 5];69(32):1081–8. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=145156792