Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study.

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  • Author(s): Biller, Maysoon F.; Johnson, Cynthia J.
  • Source:
    American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology (AM J SPEECH LANG PATHOL), Aug2020; 29(3): 1361-1375. (15p)
  • Publication Type:
    Article - case study, research, tables/charts
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Central Arkansas, Conway
      Department of Speech and Hearing Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: This was a companion study to a previous one (Biller & Johnson, 2019). The purpose was to develop a detailed descriptive profile of a minimally verbal child with a unique medical history and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present report describes his social-cognitive and speech sound production abilities in relation to his potentially burgeoning spoken language. Method: This in-depth, descriptive, clinical single-case study focused on a 3-year-old boy who was diagnosed with a chromosomal abnormality and ASD. The size of his spoken vocabulary fell at the upper limit for classifying a child as minimally verbal. His demographic information was obtained, in addition to general information from his mother. Four social-cognitive and three speech sound production abilities were assessed, as well as his overall performance in both domains. The study included a parent interview and two child assessment sessions. Results: The child exhibited low social-cognitive and speech sound production abilities for his age, with socialcognitive abilities higher than speech sound production abilities. Comparison with the previous study revealed substantial gaps in social cognition and speech sound production between this child and five other minimally verbal children with ASD. His higher abilities in these two domains co-occurred with his larger spoken vocabulary size. Conclusions: Although the child's social-cognitive abilities were low for his age, with his speech sound production abilities even lower, both domains were perhaps high enough to support spoken vocabulary at the upper limit for minimally verbal children. Indeed, there appeared to be quantitative and qualitative differences between him and other minimally verbal children in the previous study. The possibility was explored that there is a point or threshold along the developmental continua for social cognition and speech sound production that allows for expansion into useful language.
    • Journal Subset:
      Allied Health; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • Special Interest:
      Pediatric Care
    • Instrumentation:
      MacArthur¿Bates CDI: Wordsand Gestures
      Autism Diagnostic Observational Scales (ADOS Module I; Lord & Rutter)
      Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales (CSBS) (Wetherby and Prizant)
      Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL)
      Communication Domainof the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-II (VABS-II)
      Global Motor Control section of the VMPAC
      Focal Oromotor Control section of the Verbal Motor Production Assessment for Children (VMPAC; Hayden & Square)
      Westby Symbolic Play Scale Checklist (WPS)
      Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales(CSBS)
    • ISSN:
      1058-0360
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 9114726
    • Publication Date:
      20200817
    • Publication Date:
      20200828
    • DOI:
      10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085
    • Accession Number:
      144983603
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BILLER, M. F.; JOHNSON, C. J. Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, [s. l.], v. 29, n. 3, p. 1361–1375, 2020. DOI 10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144983603. Acesso em: 27 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Biller MF, Johnson CJ. Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. 2020;29(3):1361-1375. doi:10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085
    • APA:
      Biller, M. F., & Johnson, C. J. (2020). Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 29(3), 1361–1375. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Biller, Maysoon F., and Cynthia J. Johnson. 2020. “Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study.” American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 29 (3): 1361–75. doi:10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085.
    • Harvard:
      Biller, M. F. and Johnson, C. J. (2020) ‘Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study’, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 29(3), pp. 1361–1375. doi: 10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Biller, MF & Johnson, CJ 2020, ‘Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study’, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 1361–1375, viewed 27 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Biller, Maysoon F., and Cynthia J. Johnson. “Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study.” American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, vol. 29, no. 3, Aug. 2020, pp. 1361–1375. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Biller, Maysoon F., and Cynthia J. Johnson. “Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study.” American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 29, no. 3 (August 2020): 1361–75. doi:10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00085.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Biller MF, Johnson CJ. Examining Useful Spoken Language in a Minimally Verbal Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Clinical Single-Case Study. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology [Internet]. 2020 Aug [cited 2020 Oct 27];29(3):1361–75. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144983603