Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      University of West Paulista-UNOESTE-Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
      São Paulo State University (Unesp) "Júlio de Mesquita Filho"-Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
      Grupo de Pesquisa em Aplicações Tecnológicas em Reabilitação School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities-EACH-University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
      Laboratory Design and Scientific Writing. Department of Basic Sciences, ABC Faculty of Medicine-Santo André, SP, Brazil
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives. Sensory and motor alterations resulting from stroke often impair the performance and learning of motor skills. The present study is aimed at investigating whether and how poststroke individuals and age- and sex-matched healthy controls benefit from a contextual interference effect on the practice of a maze task (i.e., constant vs. random practice) performed on the computer. Methods. Participants included 21 poststroke individuals and 21 healthy controls, matched by sex and age (30 to 80 years). Both groups were divided according to the type of the practice (constant or random) presented in the acquisition phase of the learning protocol. For comparison between the groups, types of practice, and blocks of attempts, the analysis of variance with Tukey's post hoc test (p < 0.05) was used. Results. Poststroke individuals presented longer movement times as compared with the control group. In addition, only poststroke individuals who performed the task with random practice showed improved performance at the transfer phase. Moreover, randomized practice enabled poststroke individuals to perform the transfer task similarly to individuals without any neurological impairment. Conclusion. The present findings indicated a significant effect of contextual interference of practice in poststroke individuals, suggesting that applying randomized training must be considered when designing rehabilitation protocols for this population.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      2314-6133
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 101600173
    • Publication Date:
      20200727
    • Publication Date:
      20200727
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2937285
    • Accession Number:
      144726887
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MOLITERNO, A. H. et al. Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke. BioMed Research International, [s. l.], p. 1–10, 2020. DOI 10.1155/2020/2937285. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144726887. Acesso em: 18 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Moliterno AH, Bezerra FV, Pires LA, et al. Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke. BioMed Research International. July 2020:1-10. doi:10.1155/2020/2937285
    • APA:
      Moliterno, A. H., Bezerra, F. V., Pires, L. A., Roncolato, S. S., da Silva, T. D., Massetti, T., Fernani, D. C. G. L., Magalhães, F. H., de Mello Monteiro, C. B., & Dantas, M. T. A. P. (2020). Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke. BioMed Research International, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2937285
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Moliterno, Alice Haniuda, Fernanda Vieira Bezerra, Louanne Angélica Pires, Sarah Santos Roncolato, Talita Dias da Silva, Thais Massetti, Deborah Cristina Gonçalves Luiz Fernani, Fernando Henrique Magalhães, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, and Maria Tereza Artero Prado Dantas. 2020. “Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke.” BioMed Research International, July, 1–10. doi:10.1155/2020/2937285.
    • Harvard:
      Moliterno, A. H. et al. (2020) ‘Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke’, BioMed Research International, pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1155/2020/2937285.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Moliterno, AH, Bezerra, FV, Pires, LA, Roncolato, SS, da Silva, TD, Massetti, T, Fernani, DCGL, Magalhães, FH, de Mello Monteiro, CB & Dantas, MTAP 2020, ‘Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke’, BioMed Research International, pp. 1–10, viewed 18 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Moliterno, Alice Haniuda, et al. “Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke.” BioMed Research International, July 2020, pp. 1–10. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1155/2020/2937285.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Moliterno, Alice Haniuda, Fernanda Vieira Bezerra, Louanne Angélica Pires, Sarah Santos Roncolato, Talita Dias da Silva, Thais Massetti, Deborah Cristina Gonçalves Luiz Fernani, Fernando Henrique Magalhães, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, and Maria Tereza Artero Prado Dantas. “Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke.” BioMed Research International, July 23, 2020, 1–10. doi:10.1155/2020/2937285.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Moliterno AH, Bezerra FV, Pires LA, Roncolato SS, da Silva TD, Massetti T, et al. Effect of Contextual Interference in the Practicing of a Computer Task in Individuals Poststroke. BioMed Research International [Internet]. 2020 Jul 23 [cited 2020 Sep 18];1–10. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144726887