Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Medicine Mandalay, Mandalay, Myanmar
      Mandalay Regional Department of Health, Mandalay Region, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health and Sports, Mandalay, Myanmar
      Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health and Sports, Naypyitaw, Myanmar
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Backgrounds. Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of premature deaths. Tobacco control remains a top priority, and health warning labels (HWLs) are one of the recommended methods. This study is aimed at examining the awareness and perceptions of HWLs on cigarette packs among smokers. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 240 smokers who were randomly recruited from three townships in Mandalay in 2018. A face-to-face interview was done using a questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse the data. Results. About half were 18-40 years old; the majority were males (96.3%) and smokers (93.4%). Nearly all respondents noticed both pictorial warning and text messages, and about half could identify the current size of HWLs. Most of the smokers generally had positive perceptions and opinions on HWLS, and they strongly supported it. About 75% intended to reduce the number of cigarettes, and 18% were willing to quit within 6 months. Those who desired to reduce the number of cigarettes were more likely to quit within 6 months (aOR = 7.6 , 95% CI 1.6-35.9 and aOR = 19.6 , 95% CI 13.0-294.7 for those who had a little and strong desire, respectively). Conclusion. Awareness status and perceptions of the respondents were acceptable, and HWLs have motivated smokers to quit smoking. The Tobacco Control Program needs to strengthen the tobacco control law that prohibits selling loosies in order to maximize the benefits of HWLs.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      2314-6133
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 101600173
    • Publication Date:
      20200724
    • Publication Date:
      20200724
    • DOI:
      10.1155/2020/9462903
    • Accession Number:
      144692166
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HNIN, T. T.; SHEIN, N. N. N.; AYE, S. K. K. Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study. BioMed Research International, [s. l.], p. 1–7, 2020. DOI 10.1155/2020/9462903. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144692166. Acesso em: 5 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Hnin TT, Shein NNN, Aye SKK. Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study. BioMed Research International. July 2020:1-7. doi:10.1155/2020/9462903
    • APA:
      Hnin, T. T., Shein, N. N. N., & Aye, S. K. K. (2020). Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study. BioMed Research International, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/9462903
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Hnin, Thet Thet, Nang Naing Naing Shein, and San Kyu Kyu Aye. 2020. “Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study.” BioMed Research International, July, 1–7. doi:10.1155/2020/9462903.
    • Harvard:
      Hnin, T. T., Shein, N. N. N. and Aye, S. K. K. (2020) ‘Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study’, BioMed Research International, pp. 1–7. doi: 10.1155/2020/9462903.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Hnin, TT, Shein, NNN & Aye, SKK 2020, ‘Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study’, BioMed Research International, pp. 1–7, viewed 5 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Hnin, Thet Thet, et al. “Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study.” BioMed Research International, July 2020, pp. 1–7. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1155/2020/9462903.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Hnin, Thet Thet, Nang Naing Naing Shein, and San Kyu Kyu Aye. “Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study.” BioMed Research International, July 21, 2020, 1–7. doi:10.1155/2020/9462903.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Hnin TT, Shein NNN, Aye SKK. Awareness and Perceptions on Health Warning Labels on Cigarette Packs among Smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study. BioMed Research International [Internet]. 2020 Jul 21 [cited 2020 Dec 5];1–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144692166