Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands
      Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
      Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Monash University, Clayton VIC,, Australia
    • Abstract:
      Introduction: There is an increase in women delivering ≥35 years of age. We analyzed the association between advanced maternal age and pregnancy outcomes in late- and postterm pregnancies.Material and Methods: A national cohort study was performed on obstetrical low-risk women using data from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry from 1999 to 2010. We included women ≥18 years of age with a singleton pregnancy at term. Women with a pregnancy complicated by congenital anomalies, hypertensive disorders or diabetes mellitus were excluded. Composite adverse perinatal outcome was defined as stillbirth, neonatal death, meconium aspiration syndrome, 5-minute Apgar score <7, neonatal intensive care unit admittance and sepsis. Composite adverse maternal outcome was defined as maternal death, placental abruption and postpartum hemorrhage of >1000 mL.Results: We stratified the women into three age groups: 18-34 (n = 1 321 366 [reference]); 35-39 (n = 286 717) and ≥40 (n = 40 909). Composite adverse perinatal outcome occurred in 1.6% in women aged 18-34, 1.7% in women aged 35-39 (relative risk [RR] 1.06, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.03-1.08) and 2.2% in women aged ≥40 (RR 1.38, 95% CI 1.29-1.47), with 5-minute Apgar score <7 as the factor contributing most to the outcome. Composite adverse maternal outcome occurred in 4.6% in women aged 18-34, 5.0% in women aged 35-39 (RR 1.08, 95% CI 1.06-1.10) and 5.2% in women aged ≥40 (RR 1.14, 95% CI 1.09-1.19), with postpartum hemorrhage >1000 mL as the factor contributing most to the outcome. In all age categories, the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes was higher for nulliparous than for multiparous women. The risk of adverse outcomes increased in both nulliparous and parous women with advancing gestational age. When adjusted for parity, onset of labor and gestational age, advanced maternal age is associated with an increase in both composite adverse perinatal and maternal outcomes.Conclusions: The risk of adverse pregnancy outcome increases with advancing maternal age. Women aged ≥40 have an increased risk of adverse perinatal and maternal outcome when pregnancy goes beyond 41 weeks.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Europe; UK & Ireland
    • ISSN:
      0001-6349
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: NLM32072610 NLM UID: 0370343
    • Publication Date:
      In Process
    • Publication Date:
      20200722
    • DOI:
      10.1111/aogs.13828
    • Accession Number:
      144653894
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KORTEKAAS, J. C. et al. Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, [s. l.], v. 99, n. 8, p. 1022–1030, 2020. DOI 10.1111/aogs.13828. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144653894. Acesso em: 28 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kortekaas JC, Kazemier BM, Keulen JKJ, et al. Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 2020;99(8):1022-1030. doi:10.1111/aogs.13828
    • APA:
      Kortekaas, J. C., Kazemier, B. M., Keulen, J. K. J., Bruinsma, A., Mol, B. W., Vandenbussche, F., Van Dillen, J., & De Miranda, E. (2020). Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 99(8), 1022–1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13828
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kortekaas, Joep C., Brenda M. Kazemier, Judit K. J. Keulen, Aafke Bruinsma, Ben W. Mol, Frank Vandenbussche, Jeroen Van Dillen, and Esteriek De Miranda. 2020. “Risk of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes of Late- and Postterm Pregnancies in Advanced Maternal Age: A National Cohort Study.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 99 (8): 1022–30. doi:10.1111/aogs.13828.
    • Harvard:
      Kortekaas, J. C. et al. (2020) ‘Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study’, Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 99(8), pp. 1022–1030. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13828.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kortekaas, JC, Kazemier, BM, Keulen, JKJ, Bruinsma, A, Mol, BW, Vandenbussche, F, Van Dillen, J & De Miranda, E 2020, ‘Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study’, Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 99, no. 8, pp. 1022–1030, viewed 28 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kortekaas, Joep C., et al. “Risk of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes of Late- and Postterm Pregnancies in Advanced Maternal Age: A National Cohort Study.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 99, no. 8, Aug. 2020, pp. 1022–1030. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/aogs.13828.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kortekaas, Joep C., Brenda M. Kazemier, Judit K. J. Keulen, Aafke Bruinsma, Ben W. Mol, Frank Vandenbussche, Jeroen Van Dillen, and Esteriek De Miranda. “Risk of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes of Late- and Postterm Pregnancies in Advanced Maternal Age: A National Cohort Study.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 99, no. 8 (August 2020): 1022–30. doi:10.1111/aogs.13828.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kortekaas JC, Kazemier BM, Keulen JKJ, Bruinsma A, Mol BW, Vandenbussche F, et al. Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes of late- and postterm pregnancies in advanced maternal age: A national cohort study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica [Internet]. 2020 Aug [cited 2020 Sep 28];99(8):1022–30. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144653894