Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Psychological Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
      Division of Behavioral Health, Nemours/A.I. DuPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE
      Center for Pediatric Behavioral Health, Cleveland Clinic, OH
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: Play is a critical aspect of children's development, and researchers have long argued that symbolic deficits in play may be diagnostic of developmental disabilities. This study examined whether deficits in play emerge as a function of developmental disabilities and whether our perceptions of play are colored by differences in language and behavioral presentations. Method: Ninety-three children participated in this study (typically developing [TD]; n = 23, developmental language disorders [DLD]; n = 24, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]; n = 26, and autism spectrum disorder [ASD]; n = 20). Children were videotaped engaging in free-play. Children's symbolic play (imagination, organization, elaboration, and comfort) was scored under conditions of both audible language and no audible language to assess diagnostic group differences in play and whether audible language impacted raters' perception of play. Results: Significant differences in play were evident across diagnostic groups. The presence of language did not alter play ratings for the TD group, but differences were found among the other diagnostic groups. When language was audible, children with DLD and ASD (but not ADHD) were scored poorly on play compared to their TD peers. When language was not audible, children with DLD were perceived to play better than when language was audible. Conversely, children with ADHD showed organizational deficits when language was not available to support their play. Finally, children with ASD demonstrated poor play performance regardless of whether language was audible or not. Conclusions: Language affects our understanding of play skills in some young children. Parents, researchers, and clinicians must be careful not to underestimate or overestimate play based on language presentation. Differential skills in language have the potential to unduly influence our perceptions of play for children with developmental disabilities.
    • Journal Subset:
      Allied Health; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • Instrumentation:
      Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS)
      Conners Parent Rating Scale (CPRS)
      Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children-4th Edition (WISC-IV)
      Adaptive Language Inventory (ALI)
      Affect in Play Scale-Preschool (APS-P)
      Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Preschool (CELF-P) Second Edition (CELF Preschool¿2
    • ISSN:
      0161-1461
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 0323431
    • Publication Date:
      20200725
    • Publication Date:
      20200725
    • DOI:
      10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084
    • Accession Number:
      144650327
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SHORT, E. J. et al. Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities. Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, [s. l.], v. 51, n. 3, p. 795–806, 2020. DOI 10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144650327. Acesso em: 25 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Short EJ, Schindler RC, Obeid R, et al. Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities. Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools. 2020;51(3):795-806. doi:10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084
    • APA:
      Short, E. J., Schindler, R. C., Obeid, R., Noeder, M. M., Hlavaty, L. E., Gross, S. I., Lewis, B., Russ, S., & Manos, M. M. (2020). Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities. Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, 51(3), 795–806. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Short, Elizabeth J., Rachael Cooper Schindler, Rita Obeid, Maia M. Noeder, Laura E. Hlavaty, Susan I. Gross, Barbara Lewis, Sandra Russ, and Michael M. Manos. 2020. “Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities.” Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools 51 (3): 795–806. doi:10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084.
    • Harvard:
      Short, E. J. et al. (2020) ‘Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities’, Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, 51(3), pp. 795–806. doi: 10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Short, EJ, Schindler, RC, Obeid, R, Noeder, MM, Hlavaty, LE, Gross, SI, Lewis, B, Russ, S & Manos, MM 2020, ‘Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities’, Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 795–806, viewed 25 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Short, Elizabeth J., et al. “Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities.” Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, vol. 51, no. 3, July 2020, pp. 795–806. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Short, Elizabeth J., Rachael Cooper Schindler, Rita Obeid, Maia M. Noeder, Laura E. Hlavaty, Susan I. Gross, Barbara Lewis, Sandra Russ, and Michael M. Manos. “Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities.” Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools 51, no. 3 (July 2020): 795–806. doi:10.1044/2020_LSHSS-19-00084.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Short EJ, Schindler RC, Obeid R, Noeder MM, Hlavaty LE, Gross SI, et al. Examining the Role of Language in Play Among Children With and Without Developmental Disabilities. Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2020 Sep 25];51(3):795–806. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144650327