Predicting aggression in adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study of the predictive efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Specialist Learning Disability Services, Mersey Care NHS Foundation Trust, Lancashire, UK
      Clinical Psychology Programme, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
      Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK
      Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Developmental Psychiatry and Psychology, Monash University, Melbourne Vic.,, Australia
      CEDAR and Centre for Education Studies (CES), University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
      The Danshell Group,, UK
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Structured assessments have been shown to assist professionals to evaluate the risk of aggression in secure services for general offender populations and more recently among adults with intellectual disabilities. There is a need to develop intellectual disability sensitive measures for predicting risk of aggression in community samples, especially tools with a focus on dynamic variables. Methods: The study prospectively followed 28 participants for up to 2 months to test whether the Current Risk of Violence (CuRV) and Short Dynamic Risk Scale (SDRS) were able to predict verbal and physical aggression in a community sample of adults with intellectual disability. Results: CuRV and SDRS ratings significantly predicted verbal and physical aggression over a 2‐month period. Conclusions: The current study supports the use of the CuRV with adults with intellectual disability living in community settings. The CuRV and SDRS are worthy of future development and evaluation in independent investigations.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland
    • Instrumentation:
      Short Dynamic Risk Scale
      Current Risk of Violence (CuRV)
    • ISSN:
      1360-2322
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 9613616
    • Publication Date:
      20200626
    • Publication Date:
      20200626
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jar.12665
    • Accession Number:
      144200951
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LOFTHOUSE, R. E. et al. Predicting aggression in adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study of the predictive efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, [s. l.], v. 33, n. 4, p. 702–710, 2020. DOI 10.1111/jar.12665. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144200951. Acesso em: 15 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Lofthouse RE, Golding L, Totsika V, Hastings RP, Lindsay WR. Predicting aggression in adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study of the predictive efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 2020;33(4):702-710. doi:10.1111/jar.12665
    • APA:
      Lofthouse, R. E., Golding, L., Totsika, V., Hastings, R. P., & Lindsay, W. R. (2020). Predicting aggression in adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study of the predictive efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 33(4), 702–710. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12665
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Lofthouse, Rachael E., Laura Golding, Vasiliki Totsika, Richard P. Hastings, and William R. Lindsay. 2020. “Predicting Aggression in Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Pilot Study of the Predictive Efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale.” Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 33 (4): 702–10. doi:10.1111/jar.12665.
    • Harvard:
      Lofthouse, R. E. et al. (2020) ‘Predicting aggression in adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study of the predictive efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale’, Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 33(4), pp. 702–710. doi: 10.1111/jar.12665.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Lofthouse, RE, Golding, L, Totsika, V, Hastings, RP & Lindsay, WR 2020, ‘Predicting aggression in adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study of the predictive efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale’, Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 702–710, viewed 15 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Lofthouse, Rachael E., et al. “Predicting Aggression in Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Pilot Study of the Predictive Efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale.” Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 33, no. 4, July 2020, pp. 702–710. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/jar.12665.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Lofthouse, Rachael E., Laura Golding, Vasiliki Totsika, Richard P. Hastings, and William R. Lindsay. “Predicting Aggression in Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Pilot Study of the Predictive Efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale.” Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 33, no. 4 (July 2020): 702–10. doi:10.1111/jar.12665.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Lofthouse RE, Golding L, Totsika V, Hastings RP, Lindsay WR. Predicting aggression in adults with intellectual disability: A pilot study of the predictive efficacy of the Current Risk of Violence and the Short Dynamic Risk Scale. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2020 Aug 15];33(4):702–10. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=144200951