Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018.

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  • Author(s): Boettiger, David C.; White, Justin S.
  • Source:
    American Journal of Public Health (AM J PUBLIC HEALTH), Jul2020; 110(7): 1002-1005. (4p)
  • Publication Type:
    Article - research, tables/charts
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives. To estimate the combined effect of California's Tobacco 21 law (enacted June 2016) and $2-per-pack cigarette excise tax increase (enacted April 2017) on cigarette prices and sales, compared with matched comparator states. Methods. We used synthetic control methods to compare cigarette prices and sales after the policies were enacted, relative to what we would have expected without the policy reforms. To estimate the counterfactual, we matched pre-reform covariate and outcome trends between California and control states to construct a "synthetic" California. Results. Compared with the synthetic control in 2018, cigarette prices in California were $1.89 higher ($7.86 vs $5.97; P <.001), and cigarette sales were 16.6% lower (19.9 vs 16.6 packs per capita; P <.001). This reduction in sales equates to 153.9 million fewer packs being sold between 2017 and 2018. Conclusions. California's new cigarette tax was largely passed on to consumers. The new cigarette tax, combined with the Tobacco 21 law, have contributed to a rapid and substantial reduction in cigarette consumption in California.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Core Nursing; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Nursing; Peer Reviewed; Public Health; USA
    • ISSN:
      0090-0036
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 1254074
    • Publication Date:
      20200613
    • Publication Date:
      20200709
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647
    • Accession Number:
      143704264
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BOETTIGER, D. C.; WHITE, J. S. Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018. American Journal of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 110, n. 7, p. 1002–1005, 2020. DOI 10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143704264. Acesso em: 14 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Boettiger DC, White JS. Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018. American Journal of Public Health. 2020;110(7):1002-1005. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647
    • APA:
      Boettiger, D. C., & White, J. S. (2020). Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018. American Journal of Public Health, 110(7), 1002–1005. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Boettiger, David C., and Justin S. White. 2020. “Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018.” American Journal of Public Health 110 (7): 1002–5. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647.
    • Harvard:
      Boettiger, D. C. and White, J. S. (2020) ‘Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018’, American Journal of Public Health, 110(7), pp. 1002–1005. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Boettiger, DC & White, JS 2020, ‘Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 110, no. 7, pp. 1002–1005, viewed 14 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Boettiger, David C., and Justin S. White. “Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 110, no. 7, July 2020, pp. 1002–1005. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Boettiger, David C., and Justin S. White. “Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018.” American Journal of Public Health 110, no. 7 (July 2020): 1002–5. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305647.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Boettiger DC, White JS. Cigarette Pack Prices and Sales Following Policy Changes in California, 2011–2018. American Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2020 Aug 14];110(7):1002–5. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143704264