Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives. To examine how sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) are associated with suicide morbidity after controlling for adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Methods. Cross-sectional survey data are from the Generations survey, a nationally representative sample of 1518 nontransgender sexual minority adults recruited between March 28, 2016, and March 30, 2018, in the United States. Self-identified transgender individuals were included in a separate, related TransPop study. We used weighted multiple logistic regression analyses to assess the independent association of SOCE with suicidal ideation and suicide attempt while controlling for demographics and ACEs. Results. Approximately 7% experienced SOCE; of them, 80.8% reported SOCE from a religious leader. After adjusting for demographics and ACEs, sexual minorities exposed to SOCE had nearly twice the odds of lifetime suicidal ideation, 75% increased odds of planning to attempt suicide, and 88% increased odds of a suicide attempt with minor injury compared with sexual minorities who did not experience SOCE. Conclusions. Over the lifetime, sexual minorities who experienced SOCE reported a higher prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts than did sexual minorities who did not experience SOCE. Public Health Implications. Evidence supports minimizing exposure of sexual minorities to SOCE and providing affirming care with SOCE-exposed sexual minorities.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Core Nursing; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Nursing; Peer Reviewed; Public Health; USA
    • ISSN:
      0090-0036
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 1254074
    • Publication Date:
      20200613
    • Publication Date:
      20200709
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637
    • Accession Number:
      143704260
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BLOSNICH, J. R. et al. Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018. American Journal of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 110, n. 7, p. 1024–1030, 2020. DOI 10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143704260. Acesso em: 14 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Blosnich JR, Henderson ER, Coulter RWS, Goldbach JT, Meyer IH. Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018. American Journal of Public Health. 2020;110(7):1024-1030. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637
    • APA:
      Blosnich, J. R., Henderson, E. R., Coulter, R. W. S., Goldbach, J. T., & Meyer, I. H. (2020). Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018. American Journal of Public Health, 110(7), 1024–1030. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Blosnich, John R., Emmett R. Henderson, Robert W. S. Coulter, Jeremy T. Goldbach, and Ilan H. Meyer. 2020. “Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018.” American Journal of Public Health 110 (7): 1024–30. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637.
    • Harvard:
      Blosnich, J. R. et al. (2020) ‘Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018’, American Journal of Public Health, 110(7), pp. 1024–1030. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Blosnich, JR, Henderson, ER, Coulter, RWS, Goldbach, JT & Meyer, IH 2020, ‘Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 110, no. 7, pp. 1024–1030, viewed 14 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Blosnich, John R., et al. “Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 110, no. 7, July 2020, pp. 1024–1030. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Blosnich, John R., Emmett R. Henderson, Robert W. S. Coulter, Jeremy T. Goldbach, and Ilan H. Meyer. “Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018.” American Journal of Public Health 110, no. 7 (July 2020): 1024–30. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305637.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Blosnich JR, Henderson ER, Coulter RWS, Goldbach JT, Meyer IH. Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Suicide Ideation and Attempt Among Sexual Minority Adults, United States, 2016–2018. American Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2020 Aug 14];110(7):1024–30. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143704260