Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Special Education and Disability Studies, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
      Department of Advanced Studies and Innovation, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA
      Great Prairie Area Education Agency, Ottumwa, IA, USA
      Department of Special Education, Towson University, Towson, MD, USA
      Instruction and Learning, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives: Caregivers of youth with emotional and behavioral challenges can experience isolation, stigma, and a lack of resources as well as parental stress and caregiver strain. Few studies have qualitatively explored caregivers' perceptions of raising girls with emotional and behavioral challenges. A team of researchers explored three research questions: (1) How do caregivers of girls with emotional and behavioral challenges perceive their experiences with their daughters at home and in school? (2) What do caregivers perceive to be the most helpful at home or school for their daughters, and (3) What are the constructs of parent coping among caregivers of girls with emotional and behavioral challenges? Methods: Researchers used a snowball sampling method to recruit and then conduct semi-structured interviews with 16 caregivers from urban, suburban, and rural areas. Results: Results indicated that caregivers perceived their daughters' behaviors to be complex, that schools failed to identify girls for services and used reactive rather than proactive services, and that therapy and medication were helpful to the daughters and families. Additionally, caregivers reported coping through focusing on outside activities and through the support of family and friends. Conclusions: Themes from this study were congruent with findings in caregiver strain literature. Caregivers also discussed managing the negative reactions of others and wanting to feel understood. Highlights: Caregivers of youth with emotional and behavioral challenges experience parental stress and caregiver strain; unique experiences of caregivers of girls are explored here. Researchers interviewed caregivers of 16 girls with emotional and behavioral challenges from urban, suburban, and rural areas. Caregivers perceived their daughters' behaviors to be more complex than what is described in the literature as an externalizing-internalizing continuum. Participants reported that schools failed to correctly identify their daughters and provided reactive rather than proactive services. Therapy and medication were also helpful interventions. Researchers explored coping among these caregivers of girls with emotional and behavioral challenges.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; USA
    • ISSN:
      1062-1024
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 9214438
    • Publication Date:
      20200611
    • Publication Date:
      20200614
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8
    • Accession Number:
      143660650
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RICE, E. H. et al. Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions. Journal of Child & Family Studies, [s. l.], v. 29, n. 7, p. 1873–1885, 2020. DOI 10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143660650. Acesso em: 15 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Rice EH, Brown MH, Whitlow D, et al. Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions. Journal of Child & Family Studies. 2020;29(7):1873-1885. doi:10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8
    • APA:
      Rice, E. H., Brown, M. H., Whitlow, D., Ihrig, K., Hoppin, K. M., Boston, M., Kelly-Massoud, A., & Srsic, A. (2020). Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 29(7), 1873–1885. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rice, Elisabeth H., Margaux H. Brown, Darcie Whitlow, Karen Ihrig, Kandace M. Hoppin, Melissa Boston, Adelaide Kelly-Massoud, and Amy Srsic. 2020. “Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions.” Journal of Child & Family Studies 29 (7): 1873–85. doi:10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8.
    • Harvard:
      Rice, E. H. et al. (2020) ‘Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions’, Journal of Child & Family Studies, 29(7), pp. 1873–1885. doi: 10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rice, EH, Brown, MH, Whitlow, D, Ihrig, K, Hoppin, KM, Boston, M, Kelly-Massoud, A & Srsic, A 2020, ‘Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions’, Journal of Child & Family Studies, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1873–1885, viewed 15 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Rice, Elisabeth H., et al. “Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions.” Journal of Child & Family Studies, vol. 29, no. 7, July 2020, pp. 1873–1885. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rice, Elisabeth H., Margaux H. Brown, Darcie Whitlow, Karen Ihrig, Kandace M. Hoppin, Melissa Boston, Adelaide Kelly-Massoud, and Amy Srsic. “Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions.” Journal of Child & Family Studies 29, no. 7 (July 2020): 1873–85. doi:10.1007/s10826-020-01702-8.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rice EH, Brown MH, Whitlow D, Ihrig K, Hoppin KM, Boston M, et al. Raising Girls with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges: An Exploration of Caregiver Perceptions. Journal of Child & Family Studies [Internet]. 2020 Jul [cited 2020 Aug 15];29(7):1873–85. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143660650