Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Behavioral Genetics of Addiction Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Emory University (CEB-B, DDN, RCHP), Atlanta, GA
      Wayne State University (KEW), Detroit, MI
      Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University (JLT), Baltimore, MD
      Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University (RJT), Baltimore, MD
    • Abstract:
      Social support (SS) is typically associated with lower emotional distress (e.g., stress and depression) in individuals. However, SS is a multifaceted construct that can vary by quality, quantity (amount), and type (i.e., it can be emotional or instrumental in nature).Objective: The current study examined the relationships between characteristics of SS, stress, and depression in aging African Americans.Participants: Analyses focused on data from 705 participants aged 22-92 years from the Carolina African American Twin Study of Aging.Measurements: Measures included the quality and quantity of emotional and instrumental support received, as well as stress and depression.Design: A series of univariate and increasingly complex multivariate regression models were conducted in MPlus (using the cluster option to control for family structure) to examine the relationships between SS and emotional distress variables.Results: Overall, better quality of emotional SS predicted fewer depression symptoms and less perceived stress, after controlling for age, gender, socioeconomic status variables, and the other subtypes of SS. However, more instances of emotional SS were associated with higher levels of perceived stress, depression symptoms, and more stressful life events within the past year. Likewise, more instrumental SS predicted more perceived stress, while holding the other variables constant.Conclusion: African Americans who experience more emotional distress report more SS, but the quality of emotional support appears to play an important role in the association between reduced levels of stress and depression. These findings suggest that interventions should include approaches to reduce emotional distress as well as enhance the quality SS.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      1064-7481
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: NLM32165073 NLM UID: 9309609
    • Grant Information:
      R01 AG013662/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States; DP1 DA042103/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States; U54 MD000214/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States; K02 AG059140/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States
    • Publication Date:
      20200725
    • Publication Date:
      20200723
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004
    • Accession Number:
      143326914
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BENCA-BACHMAN, C. E. et al. Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, [s. l.], v. 28, n. 6, p. 597–605, 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143326914. Acesso em: 9 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Benca-Bachman CE, Najera DD, Whitfield KE, et al. Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2020;28(6):597-605. doi:10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004
    • APA:
      Benca-Bachman, C. E., Najera, D. D., Whitfield, K. E., Taylor, J. L., Thorpe, R. J., Palmer, R. H. C., & Thorpe, R. J., Jr. (2020). Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(6), 597–605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Benca-Bachman, Chelsie E., Dalora D. Najera, Keith E. Whitfield, Janiece L. Taylor, Roland J. Thorpe, Rohan H.C. Palmer, and Roland J Thorpe Jr. 2020. “Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans.” American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 28 (6): 597–605. doi:10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004.
    • Harvard:
      Benca-Bachman, C. E. et al. (2020) ‘Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans’, American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(6), pp. 597–605. doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Benca-Bachman, CE, Najera, DD, Whitfield, KE, Taylor, JL, Thorpe, RJ, Palmer, RHC & Thorpe, RJ, Jr 2020, ‘Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans’, American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 597–605, viewed 9 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Benca-Bachman, Chelsie E., et al. “Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans.” American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 28, no. 6, June 2020, pp. 597–605. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Benca-Bachman, Chelsie E., Dalora D. Najera, Keith E. Whitfield, Janiece L. Taylor, Roland J. Thorpe, Rohan H.C. Palmer, and Roland J Thorpe Jr. “Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans.” American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 28, no. 6 (June 2020): 597–605. doi:10.1016/j.jagp.2020.02.004.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Benca-Bachman CE, Najera DD, Whitfield KE, Taylor JL, Thorpe RJ, Palmer RHC, et al. Quality and Quantity of Social Support Show Differential Associations With Stress and Depression in African Americans. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry [Internet]. 2020 Jun [cited 2020 Aug 9];28(6):597–605. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143326914