The role of community leaders on adolescent's HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Mulanje, Malawi.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      School of Public Health and Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
      Africa Center of Excellence in Public Health and Herbal Medicine (ACEPHEM), College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
      PreLuHa consult, PO BOX 703, Namiwawa Street, Newroard location, Zomba, Malawi
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: We conducted this study to understand roles of community leaders on adolescent's HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) rights in Mulanje-Malawi. We discussed how each role can influence health seeking behaviour and improve SRH rights among adolescents from the local perspective. Methods: A qualitative study approach was used. We conducted 17 Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) and 12 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with community leaders. Purposive sampling technique was used to select study participants for KIIs. We also used purposive sampling technique to identify two villages from each of the six Traditional Authorities (TAs) where FGDs were conducted. All participants in FGDs were purposively selected. Inductive thematic content analysis was done guided by the study objectives to generate emerging themes. Results: Community leaders have many roles on adolescents HIV and SRH. These roles include advisory, encouragement, regulating and restricting cultural practices, formulating bye-laws and handling sexual abuse complaints. However, community leaders with religious affiliation have shown to have different views with those representing other institutions not affiliated to religion. In addition, the majority of community leaders indicated low level of knowledge on adolescent's SRH rights. Conclusion: We suggest that the roles of community leaders differ depending on the position held and institution represented. Those not affiliated with religious institutions can encourage certain behaviour in adolescents while those from religious background are discouraging it. Stakeholders involved in the fight against HIV, promotion of SRH and rights should invest more on capacity building among the community leaders.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Europe; UK & Ireland
    • ISSN:
      1742-4755
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 101224380
    • Publication Date:
      20200519
    • Publication Date:
      20200519
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8
    • Accession Number:
      143220328
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CHIMATIRO, C. S.; HAJISON, P.; MUULA, A. S. The role of community leaders on adolescent’s HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Mulanje, Malawi. Reproductive Health, [s. l.], v. 17, n. 1, p. 1–11, 2020. DOI 10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143220328. Acesso em: 14 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Chimatiro CS, Hajison P, Muula AS. The role of community leaders on adolescent’s HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Mulanje, Malawi. Reproductive Health. 2020;17(1):1-11. doi:10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8
    • APA:
      Chimatiro, C. S., Hajison, P., & Muula, A. S. (2020). The role of community leaders on adolescent’s HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Mulanje, Malawi. Reproductive Health, 17(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Chimatiro, Chancy S., Precious Hajison, and Adamson S. Muula. 2020. “The Role of Community Leaders on Adolescent’s HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights in Mulanje, Malawi.” Reproductive Health 17 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8.
    • Harvard:
      Chimatiro, C. S., Hajison, P. and Muula, A. S. (2020) ‘The role of community leaders on adolescent’s HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Mulanje, Malawi’, Reproductive Health, 17(1), pp. 1–11. doi: 10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Chimatiro, CS, Hajison, P & Muula, AS 2020, ‘The role of community leaders on adolescent’s HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Mulanje, Malawi’, Reproductive Health, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–11, viewed 14 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Chimatiro, Chancy S., et al. “The Role of Community Leaders on Adolescent’s HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights in Mulanje, Malawi.” Reproductive Health, vol. 17, no. 1, May 2020, pp. 1–11. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Chimatiro, Chancy S., Precious Hajison, and Adamson S. Muula. “The Role of Community Leaders on Adolescent’s HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights in Mulanje, Malawi.” Reproductive Health 17, no. 1 (May 14, 2020): 1–11. doi:10.1186/s12978-020-00917-8.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Chimatiro CS, Hajison P, Muula AS. The role of community leaders on adolescent’s HIV and sexual reproductive health and rights in Mulanje, Malawi. Reproductive Health [Internet]. 2020 May 14 [cited 2020 Aug 14];17(1):1–11. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143220328