Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Pevensey Building, BN1 9QH, Falmer, UK
      Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, R&D Department, Sussex Education Centre, Nevill Avenue, BN3 7HZ, Hove, UK
      Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Eastern Road, BN2 5BE, Brighton, UK
      Brighton & Sussex Clinical Trials Unit, Bevendean House, University of Brighton, BN1 9PH, Falmer, UK
      Clinical Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, S10 2TP, Sheffield, UK
      King's Health Economics Research Group and Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, SE5 8AF, London, UK
      Centre for Mindfulness Research and Practice, School of Psychology, Bangor University, LL57 2AS, Bangor, Gwynedd, UK
      School of Health Sciences, University of Brighton, Village Way, BN1 9PH, Brighton, UK
      Canterbury Christ Church University, Salmons Institute for Applied Psychology, Lucy Fildes Building, 1 Meadow Road, TN1 2YG, Tunbridge Wells, UK
      School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, S10 2TP, Sheffield, UK
    • Abstract:
      Background: Depression has serious personal, family and economic consequences. It is estimated that it will cost £12.15 billion to the economy each year in England by 2026. Improving access to psychological therapies (IAPT) is the National Health Service talking therapies service in England for adults experiencing anxiety or depression. Over 1 million people are referred to IAPT every year, over half experiencing depression. Where symptoms of depression are mild to moderate, people are typically offered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) self-help (CBT-SH) supported by a psychological well-being practitioner. The problem is that over half of people who complete treatment for depression in IAPT remain depressed despite receiving National Institute of Health and Care Excellent recommended treatment. Furthermore, less than half of IAPT service users complete treatment. This study seeks to investigate the effectiveness of an alternative to CBT-SH. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) differs from CBT in focus, approach and practice, and may be more effective with a higher number of treatment completions.Methods/design: This is a definitive randomised controlled trial comparing supported MBCT self-help (MBCT-SH) with CBT-SH for adults experiencing mild to moderate depression being treated in IAPT services. We will recruit 410 participants experiencing mild to moderate depression from IAPT services and randomise these to receive either an MBCT-based self-help workbook or a CBT-based self-help workbook. Participants will be asked to complete their workbook within 16 weeks, with six support sessions with a psychological well-being practitioner. The primary outcome is depression symptom severity on treatment completion. Secondary outcomes are treatment completion rates and measures of generalized anxiety, well-being, functioning and mindfulness. An exploratory non-inferiority analysis will be conducted in the event the primary hypothesis is not supported. A semi-structured interview with participants will guide understanding of change processes.Discussion: If the findings from this randomised controlled trial demonstrate that MBCT-SH is more effective than CBT-SH for adults experiencing depression, this will provide evidence for policy makers and lead to changes to clinical practice in IAPT services, leading to greater choice of self-help treatment options and better outcomes for service users. If the exploratory non-inferiority analysis is conducted and this indicates non-inferiority of MBCT-SH in comparison to CBT-SH this will also be of interest to policy makers when seeking to increase service user choice of self-help treatment options for depression.Trial Registration: Current Controlled Trial registration number: ISRCTN 13495752. Registered on 31 August 2017 (www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN13495752).
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Europe; UK & Ireland
    • ISSN:
      1745-6215
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: NLM32366320 NLM UID: 101263253
    • Grant Information:
      PB-PG-0815-20056//Research for Patient Benefit Programme/
    • Publication Date:
      In Process
    • Publication Date:
      20200510
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1
    • Accession Number:
      143038551
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      STRAUSS, C. et al. Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression. Trials, [s. l.], v. 21, n. 1, p. 1–10, 2020. DOI 10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143038551. Acesso em: 10 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Strauss C, Arbon A, Barkham M, et al. Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression. Trials. 2020;21(1):1-10. doi:10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1
    • APA:
      Strauss, C., Arbon, A., Barkham, M., Byford, S., Crane, R., de Visser, R., Heslin, M., Jones, A.-M., Jones, F., Lea, L., Parry, G., Rosten, C., & Cavanagh, K. (2020). Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression. Trials, 21(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Strauss, Clara, Amy Arbon, Michael Barkham, Sarah Byford, Rebecca Crane, Richard de Visser, Margaret Heslin, et al. 2020. “Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): Study Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Supported Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Self-Help to Supported Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Self-Help for Adults Experiencing Depression.” Trials 21 (1): 1–10. doi:10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1.
    • Harvard:
      Strauss, C. et al. (2020) ‘Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression’, Trials, 21(1), pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Strauss, C, Arbon, A, Barkham, M, Byford, S, Crane, R, de Visser, R, Heslin, M, Jones, A-M, Jones, F, Lea, L, Parry, G, Rosten, C & Cavanagh, K 2020, ‘Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression’, Trials, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1–10, viewed 10 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Strauss, Clara, et al. “Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): Study Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Supported Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Self-Help to Supported Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Self-Help for Adults Experiencing Depression.” Trials, vol. 21, no. 1, May 2020, pp. 1–10. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Strauss, Clara, Amy Arbon, Michael Barkham, Sarah Byford, Rebecca Crane, Richard de Visser, Margaret Heslin, et al. “Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): Study Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Supported Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Self-Help to Supported Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Self-Help for Adults Experiencing Depression.” Trials 21, no. 1 (May 4, 2020): 1–10. doi:10.1186/s13063-020-04322-1.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Strauss C, Arbon A, Barkham M, Byford S, Crane R, de Visser R, et al. Low-Intensity Guided Help Through Mindfulness (LIGHTMIND): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial comparing supported mindfulness-based cognitive therapy self-help to supported cognitive behavioural therapy self-help for adults experiencing depression. Trials [Internet]. 2020 May 4 [cited 2020 Aug 10];21(1):1–10. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=143038551