A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Forensic Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York
      Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
      Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut
      Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha
      Department of Pathology, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia
      Pacific Pathology Partners, Seattle, Washington
      Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Context.--Biomedical terminologies such as Logical Observation Identifiers, Names, and Codes (LOINC) were developed to enable interoperability of health care data between disparate health information systems to improve patient outcomes, public health, and research activities. Objective.--To ascertain the utilization rate and accuracy of LOINC terminology mapping to 10 commonly ordered tests by participants of the College of American Pathologists (CAP) Proficiency Testing program. Design.--Questionnaires were sent to 1916 US and Canadian laboratories participating in the 2018 CAP coagulation (CGL) and/or cardiac markers (CRT) surveys requesting information on practice setting, instrument(s) and test method(s), and LOINC code selection and usage in the laboratory and electronic health records. Results.--Ninety of 1916 CGL and/or CRT participants (4.7%) responded to the questionnaire. Of the 275 LOINC codes reported, 54 (19.6%) were incorrect: 2 codes (5934-2 and 12345-1) (0.7%) did not exist in the LOINC database and the highest error rates were observed in the property (27 of 275, 9.8%), system (27 of 275, 9.8%), and component (22 of 275, 8.0%) LOINC axes. Errors in LOINC code selection included selection of the incorrect component (eg, activated clotting time instead of activated partial thromboplastin time); selection of panels that can never be used to obtain an individual analyte (eg, prothrombin time panel instead of international normalized ratio); and selection of an incorrect specimen type. Conclusions.--These findings of real-world LOINC code implementation across a spectrum of laboratory settings should raise concern about the reliability and utility of using LOINC for clinical research or to aggregate data.
    • Journal Subset:
      Allied Health; Biomedical; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      0003-9985
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 7607091
    • Publication Date:
      20200430
    • Publication Date:
      20200506
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA
    • Accession Number:
      142934472
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      STRAM, M. et al. A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, [s. l.], v. 144, n. 5, p. 586–596, 2020. DOI 10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142934472. Acesso em: 10 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Stram M, Seheult J, Sinard JH, et al. A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine. 2020;144(5):586-596. doi:10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA
    • APA:
      Stram, M., Seheult, J., Sinard, J. H., Campbell, W. S., Carter, A. B., de Baca, M. E., Quinn, A. M., & Hung S. Luu. (2020). A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 144(5), 586–596. https://doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Stram, Michelle, Jansen Seheult, John H. Sinard, W. Scott Campbell, Alexis B. Carter, Monica E. de Baca, Andrew M. Quinn, and Hung S. Luu. 2020. “A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs.” Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 144 (5): 586–96. doi:10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA.
    • Harvard:
      Stram, M. et al. (2020) ‘A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs’, Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 144(5), pp. 586–596. doi: 10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Stram, M, Seheult, J, Sinard, JH, Campbell, WS, Carter, AB, de Baca, ME, Quinn, AM & Hung S. Luu 2020, ‘A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs’, Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 586–596, viewed 10 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Stram, Michelle, et al. “A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs.” Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, vol. 144, no. 5, May 2020, pp. 586–596. EBSCOhost, doi:10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Stram, Michelle, Jansen Seheult, John H. Sinard, W. Scott Campbell, Alexis B. Carter, Monica E. de Baca, Andrew M. Quinn, and Hung S. Luu. “A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs.” Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 144, no. 5 (May 2020): 586–96. doi:10.5858/arpa.2019-0276-OA.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Stram M, Seheult J, Sinard JH, Campbell WS, Carter AB, de Baca ME, et al. A Survey of LOINC Code Selection Practices Among Participants of the College of American Pathologists Coagulation (CGL) and Cardiac Markers (CRT) Proficiency Testing Programs. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine [Internet]. 2020 May [cited 2020 Aug 10];144(5):586–96. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142934472