Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP).

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Ageing Research Institute for Society and Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
      Centre for Ageing Research and Education, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore
      Danish Aging Research Center, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense
      Department of Geriatrics, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
      INSERM, U1168, VIMA: Aging and Chronic Diseases. Epidemiological and Public Health Approaches, Villejuif, France
      Département Hospitalier d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Ile-de-France Ouest, Site Sainte Périne, AP-HP, France
      Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm University, Sweden
      Division of Geriatrics, Department of Rehabilitation and Geriatrics, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Switzerland
      Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (EPHE), Paris, France
      Université de Montpellier, INSERM, U1198, France
      Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Japan
      College of Economics and Population Research Institute, Nihon University, Tokyo, Japan
    • Abstract:
      Background: Many studies have been conducted to investigate risk factors of falls in older people, but little is known about falls among centenarians. We analyzed the cross-sectional data from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP) to investigate the prevalence and correlates of falls among centenarians.Methods: Data collection was carried out in 2011-2014 in Japan, France, Switzerland, Sweden, and Denmark. The sample consisted of 1,165 centenarians who were at least 100 years old in 2011. The outcome variable was falls in the past 6 months. Demographics, chronic conditions, pain, visual impairment, global cognitive function, dizziness and syncope, number of medications, functional limitation (ie, dressing, bathing, toileting, transferring, incontinence, and feeding), mobility difficulty, poor strength, and assistive device usage were included in the analysis.Results: The prevalence of falls within the last 6 months was 33.7%, ranging from 21.6% (Japan) to 40.9% (France). Being male, experiencing dizziness, syncope, incontinence, and using assistive devices indoors were associated with an increased risk of falls among centenarians. Significant cross-country differences in the relationships between some risk factors (ie, gender, difficulty with bathing, toileting, transferring, and feeding, and using assistive devices for walking indoors and outdoors) and falls were observed. Subsample analysis using data from each country also showed that factors related to falls were different.Conclusions: The prevalence of falls among centenarians is high and fall-related factors may be different than those for their younger counterparts. Given that centenarians is an emerging population, more studies investigating risk factors are needed to better understand falls among centenarians.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      1079-5006
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: NLM31054257 NLM UID: 9502837
    • Publication Date:
      In Process
    • Publication Date:
      20200429
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glz116
    • Accession Number:
      142801896
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CHEN, T.-Y. et al. Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP). Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, [s. l.], v. 75, n. 5, p. 974–979, 2020. DOI 10.1093/gerona/glz116. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142801896. Acesso em: 15 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Chen T-Y, Chan A, Andersen-Ranberg K, et al. Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP). Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences. 2020;75(5):974-979. doi:10.1093/gerona/glz116
    • APA:
      Chen, T.-Y., Chan, A., Andersen-Ranberg, K., Herr, M., Fors, S., Jeune, B., Herrmann, F. R., Robine, J.-M., Gondo, Y., & Saito, Y. (2020). Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP). Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, 75(5), 974–979. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glz116
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Chen, Tuo-Yu, Angelique Chan, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Marie Herr, Stefan Fors, Bernard Jeune, François R Herrmann, Jean-Marie Robine, Yasuyuki Gondo, and Yasuhiko Saito. 2020. “Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP).” Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences 75 (5): 974–79. doi:10.1093/gerona/glz116.
    • Harvard:
      Chen, T.-Y. et al. (2020) ‘Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP)’, Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, 75(5), pp. 974–979. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glz116.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Chen, T-Y, Chan, A, Andersen-Ranberg, K, Herr, M, Fors, S, Jeune, B, Herrmann, FR, Robine, J-M, Gondo, Y & Saito, Y 2020, ‘Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP)’, Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 974–979, viewed 15 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Chen, Tuo-Yu, et al. “Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP).” Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, vol. 75, no. 5, May 2020, pp. 974–979. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1093/gerona/glz116.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Chen, Tuo-Yu, Angelique Chan, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Marie Herr, Stefan Fors, Bernard Jeune, François R Herrmann, Jean-Marie Robine, Yasuyuki Gondo, and Yasuhiko Saito. “Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP).” Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences 75, no. 5 (May 2020): 974–79. doi:10.1093/gerona/glz116.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Chen T-Y, Chan A, Andersen-Ranberg K, Herr M, Fors S, Jeune B, et al. Prevalence and Correlates of Falls Among Centenarians: Results from the Five-Country Oldest Old Project (5-COOP). Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences [Internet]. 2020 May [cited 2020 Aug 15];75(5):974–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142801896