Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Assistant Professor, Brown University, Department of Health Services, Policy and Practice, Providence, RI
      Deputy Associate Director for Science, Immunization Services Division, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
      Consultant, Abt Associates, Cambridge, MA
      Medical Epidemiologist, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH
      Epidemiologist, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH
      Medical Professor, Brown University, Providence, RI
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives: We sought to identify patterns of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) about influenza and influenza vaccination among healthcare personnel (HCP) and define characteristics associated with these patterns. Methods: We used an Internet panel survey of HCP (N = 2265) during March 27-April 17, 2018; clustered HCP by their vaccination-related KABs. Results: Four clusters were identified: Immunization Champions (61.1% of the sample) received influenza vaccine to prevent disease; Unworried Vaccinators (15.4%) received the influenza vaccine but did not believe influenza is a serious threat to themselves; Fence Sitters (8.1%) believed the vaccine is safe and worth the time and expense but is not effective; Skeptics (15.4%) did not believe the vaccine is safe or effective. Influenza vaccination coverage was 78.4% overall and higher among Immunization Champions (90.2%) and Unworried Vaccinators (87.0%) than Fence Sitters (61.6%) or Skeptics (32.2%). Conclusions: Findings suggest that based on KABs, the 3 clusters comprising 85% of HCP might be vaccinated in the future. Using messages specific to each group may improve vaccination coverage among HCP.
    • Journal Subset:
      Blind Peer Reviewed; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Health Promotion/Education; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      1087-3244
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 9602338
    • Publication Date:
      20200410
    • Publication Date:
      20200413
    • DOI:
      10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3
    • Accession Number:
      142625832
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BARDENHEIER, B. H. et al. Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel. American Journal of Health Behavior, [s. l.], v. 44, n. 3, p. 302–312, 2020. DOI 10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142625832. Acesso em: 28 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Bardenheier BH, Lindley MC, Ball SW, de Perio MA, Laney S, Gravenstein S. Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2020;44(3):302-312. doi:10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3
    • APA:
      Bardenheier, B. H., Lindley, M. C., Ball, S. W., de Perio, M. A., Laney, S., & Gravenstein, S. (2020). Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel. American Journal of Health Behavior, 44(3), 302–312. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Bardenheier, Barbara H., Megan C. Lindley, Sarah W. Ball, Marie A. de Perio, Scott Laney, and Stefan Gravenstein. 2020. “Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel.” American Journal of Health Behavior 44 (3): 302–12. doi:10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3.
    • Harvard:
      Bardenheier, B. H. et al. (2020) ‘Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel’, American Journal of Health Behavior, 44(3), pp. 302–312. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Bardenheier, BH, Lindley, MC, Ball, SW, de Perio, MA, Laney, S & Gravenstein, S 2020, ‘Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel’, American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 302–312, viewed 28 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Bardenheier, Barbara H., et al. “Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel.” American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 44, no. 3, May 2020, pp. 302–312. EBSCOhost, doi:10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Bardenheier, Barbara H., Megan C. Lindley, Sarah W. Ball, Marie A. de Perio, Scott Laney, and Stefan Gravenstein. “Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel.” American Journal of Health Behavior 44, no. 3 (May 2020): 302–12. doi:10.5993/AJHB.44.3.3.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Bardenheier BH, Lindley MC, Ball SW, de Perio MA, Laney S, Gravenstein S. Cluster Analysis: Vaccination Attitudes and Beliefs of Healthcare Personnel. American Journal of Health Behavior [Internet]. 2020 May [cited 2020 Sep 28];44(3):302–12. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142625832