Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Uganda Virus Research Institute, Arua and Entebbe, Uganda
      Uganda Ministry of Health, Zombo District, Uganda
      Uganda Public Health Emergency Operations Center, Kampala, Uganda
      Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Plague, an acute zoonosis caused by Yersinia pestis, is endemic in the West Nile region of northwestern Uganda and neighboring northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (1-4). The illness manifests in multiple clinical forms, including bubonic and pneumonic plague. Pneumonic plague is rare, rapidly fatal, and transmissible from person to person via respiratory droplets. On March 4, 2019, a patient with suspected pneumonic plague was hospitalized in West Nile, Uganda, 4 days after caring for her sister, who had come to Uganda from DRC and died shortly thereafter, and 2 days after area officials received a message from a clinic in DRC warning of possible plague. The West Nile-based Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) plague program, together with local health officials, commenced a multipronged response to suspected person-to-person transmission of pneumonic plague, including contact tracing, prophylaxis, and education. Plague was laboratory-confirmed, and no additional transmission occurred in Uganda. This event transpired in the context of heightened awareness of cross-border disease spread caused by ongoing Ebola virus disease transmission in DRC, approximately 400 km to the south. Building expertise in areas of plague endemicity can provide the rapid detection and effective response needed to mitigate epidemic spread and minimize mortality. Cross-border agreements can improve ability to respond effectively.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Public Health; USA
    • Instrumentation:
      Clinical Decision Making in Nursing Scale (CDMNS) (Jenkins)
    • ISSN:
      0149-2195
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: NLM32134908 NLM UID: 7802429
    • Publication Date:
      In Process
    • Publication Date:
      20200730
    • DOI:
      10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5
    • Accession Number:
      142157234
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      APANGU, T. et al. Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, [s. l.], v. 69, n. 9, p. 241–244, 2020. DOI 10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142157234. Acesso em: 30 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Apangu T, Acayo S, Atiku LA, et al. Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report. 2020;69(9):241-244. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5
    • APA:
      Apangu, T., Acayo, S., Atiku, L. A., Apio, H., Candini, G., Okoth, F., Basabose, J. K., Ojosia, L., Ajoga, S., Mongiba, G., Wetaka, M. M., Kayiwa, J., Balinandi, S., Schwartz, A., Yockey, B., Sexton, C., Dietrich, E. A., Pappert, R., Petersen, J. M., & Mead, P. S. (2020). Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 69(9), 241–244. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Apangu, Titus, Sarah Acayo, Linda A. Atiku, Harriet Apio, Gordian Candini, Felix Okoth, John Kaggwa Basabose, et al. 2020. “Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019.” MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 69 (9): 241–44. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5.
    • Harvard:
      Apangu, T. et al. (2020) ‘Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019’, MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 69(9), pp. 241–244. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Apangu, T, Acayo, S, Atiku, LA, Apio, H, Candini, G, Okoth, F, Basabose, JK, Ojosia, L, Ajoga, S, Mongiba, G, Wetaka, MM, Kayiwa, J, Balinandi, S, Schwartz, A, Yockey, B, Sexton, C, Dietrich, EA, Pappert, R, Petersen, JM & Mead, PS 2020, ‘Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019’, MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 69, no. 9, pp. 241–244, viewed 30 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Apangu, Titus, et al. “Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019.” MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 69, no. 9, Mar. 2020, pp. 241–244. EBSCOhost, doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Apangu, Titus, Sarah Acayo, Linda A. Atiku, Harriet Apio, Gordian Candini, Felix Okoth, John Kaggwa Basabose, et al. “Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019.” MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 69, no. 9 (March 6, 2020): 241–44. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6909a5.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Apangu T, Acayo S, Atiku LA, Apio H, Candini G, Okoth F, et al. Intervention To Stop Transmission of Imported Pneumonic Plague - Uganda, 2019. MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report [Internet]. 2020 Mar 6 [cited 2020 Sep 30];69(9):241–4. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=142157234