Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives. To characterize health and health-related resources in the new qualified opportunity zones (QOZs) relative to tracts not selected or not eligible for this federal investment incentive. Methods. We used tract-level data from the 498 largest cities in the contiguous United States (n = 24 409), categorized using designations from the Department of Treasury. We compiled data on population characteristics, health-related resources, and health from the American Community Survey, the National Establishment Time Series, the National Land Cover Dataset, and the US Small-Area Life Expectancy Estimates Project and the 500 Cities projects. We calculated means and SDs for ineligible, eligible (but not designated), and designated QOZ tracts. Results. In general, designated QOZ tracts had lower access to health care facilities, physical activity resources, and healthy food. They had a higher prevalence of unhealthy behaviors and worse health outcomes across most measures. Conclusions. By benchmarking conditions, we facilitate tracking and assessment of QOZ impacts. Public Health Implications. QOZ could spur unprecedented neighborhood change with substantial influence on health resources and outcomes. Public health collaboration and strategic local governance of QOZ will be crucial for yielding health benefits for existing residents.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Core Nursing; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Nursing; Peer Reviewed; Public Health; USA
    • ISSN:
      0090-0036
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 1254074
    • Publication Date:
      20200208
    • Publication Date:
      20200303
    • DOI:
      10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489
    • Accession Number:
      141564083
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HIRSCH, J. A. et al. Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016. American Journal of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 110, n. 3, p. 407–415, 2020. DOI 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=141564083. Acesso em: 25 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Hirsch JA, Zhao Y, Bilal U, Neckerman KM, Michael YL. Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016. American Journal of Public Health. 2020;110(3):407-415. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489
    • APA:
      Hirsch, J. A., Zhao, Y., Bilal, U., Neckerman, K. M., & Michael, Y. L. (2020). Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016. American Journal of Public Health, 110(3), 407–415. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Hirsch, Jana A., Yuzhe Zhao, Usama Bilal, Kathryn M. Neckerman, and Yvonne L. Michael. 2020. “Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016.” American Journal of Public Health 110 (3): 407–15. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489.
    • Harvard:
      Hirsch, J. A. et al. (2020) ‘Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016’, American Journal of Public Health, 110(3), pp. 407–415. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Hirsch, JA, Zhao, Y, Bilal, U, Neckerman, KM & Michael, YL 2020, ‘Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 407–415, viewed 25 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Hirsch, Jana A., et al. “Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 110, no. 3, Mar. 2020, pp. 407–415. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Hirsch, Jana A., Yuzhe Zhao, Usama Bilal, Kathryn M. Neckerman, and Yvonne L. Michael. “Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016.” American Journal of Public Health 110, no. 3 (March 2020): 407–15. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305489.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Hirsch JA, Zhao Y, Bilal U, Neckerman KM, Michael YL. Health and Health-Related Resources in Newly Designated Federally Qualified Opportunity Zones: United States, 2012–2016. American Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 2020 Mar [cited 2020 Sep 25];110(3):407–15. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=141564083