Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition.

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  • Author(s): Pik Ki Mok, Peggy; Guo Li, Vivian; Sze Ho Funga, Holly
  • Source:
    Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research (JSLHR J SPEECH LANG HEAR RES), Jan2020; 63(1): 95-108. (14p)
  • Publication Type:
    Article - equations & formulas, research, tables/charts
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Linguistics and Modern Languages, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: Previous studies showed both early and late acquisition of Cantonese tones based on transcription data using different criteria, but very little acoustic data were reported. Our study examined Cantonese tone acquisition using both transcription and acoustic data, illustrating the early and protracted aspects of Cantonese tone acquisition. Method: One hundred fifty-nine Cantonese-speaking children aged between 2;1 and 6;0 (years;months) and 10 reference speakers participated in a tone production experiment based on picture naming. Natural production materials with 30 monosyllabic words were transcribed by two native judges. Acoustic measurements included overall tonal dispersion and specific contrasts between similar tone pairs: ratios of average fundamental frequency height for the level tones (T1, T3, T6), magnitude of rise and inflection point for the rising tones (T2, T5), magnitude of fall, H1*-H2*, and harmonic-to-noise ratio for the low tones (T4, T6). Auditory assessment of creakiness for T4 was also included. Results: Children in the eldest group (aged 5;7--6;0) were still not completely adultlike in production accuracy, although two thirds of them had production accuracy over 90%. Children in all age groups had production accuracy significantly higher than chance level, and they could produce the major acoustic contrasts between specific tone pairs similarly as reference speakers. Fine phonetic detail of the inflection point and creakiness was more challenging for children. Conclusion: Our findings illustrated the multifaceted aspects (both early and late) of Cantonese tone acquisition and called for a wider perspective on how to define successful phonological acquisition.
    • Journal Subset:
      Allied Health; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      1092-4388
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 9705610
    • Grant Information:
      This study was supported by the Hong Kong SAR Government Research Grant Council General Research Fund 2015/16Project Reference 14602715 and the funding support by the department of the authors.
    • Publication Date:
      20200125
    • Publication Date:
      20200129
    • DOI:
      10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152
    • Accession Number:
      141337254
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PIK KI MOK, P.; GUO LI, V.; SZE HO FUNGA, H. Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, [s. l.], v. 63, n. 1, p. 95–108, 2020. DOI 10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=141337254. Acesso em: 1 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Pik Ki Mok P, Guo Li V, Sze Ho Funga H. Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research. 2020;63(1):95-108. doi:10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152
    • APA:
      Pik Ki Mok, P., Guo Li, V., & Sze Ho Funga, H. (2020). Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 63(1), 95–108. https://doi.org/10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Pik Ki Mok, Peggy, Vivian Guo Li, and Holly Sze Ho Funga. 2020. “Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research 63 (1): 95–108. doi:10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152.
    • Harvard:
      Pik Ki Mok, P., Guo Li, V. and Sze Ho Funga, H. (2020) ‘Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition’, Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 63(1), pp. 95–108. doi: 10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Pik Ki Mok, P, Guo Li, V & Sze Ho Funga, H 2020, ‘Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition’, Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 95–108, viewed 1 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Pik Ki Mok, Peggy, et al. “Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, vol. 63, no. 1, Jan. 2020, pp. 95–108. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Pik Ki Mok, Peggy, Vivian Guo Li, and Holly Sze Ho Funga. “Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition.” Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research 63, no. 1 (January 2020): 95–108. doi:10.1044/2019_JSLHR-19-00152.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Pik Ki Mok P, Guo Li V, Sze Ho Funga H. Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research [Internet]. 2020 Jan [cited 2020 Nov 1];63(1):95–108. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=141337254