'I know what I am doing': A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Health and Medical Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia
      Department of Occupational Therapy, Monash University, Frankston, Australia
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: A growing number of adults experience chronic conditions and related disability. However, a limited understanding of the activities and occupations of this population reduces the capacity of occupational therapists to deliver person-centred, occupation-based care. Aims: To investigate the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Methods: Sixteen adults with multiple chronic conditions participated in two semi-structured interviews at their home or health center. Grounded theory methods were used to analyze data and construct a conceptual understanding of human occupation. Findings: Human occupation was conceptualized as doing activities and actions with meaning, in the context of one's life, health condition(s), and world. Three, two-dimensional categories of meaning were developed from the data: (i) connecting/reconnecting and disconnecting; (ii) caring and harming; and (iii) contributing and detracting. Conclusions: The findings present a complex, dynamic and multifaceted understanding of the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Significance: This study demonstrates the value of exploring the experiences of actual or potential occupational therapy clients to refine the concept of human occupation. An in-depth knowledge of what people do is an essential foundation for person-centred, occupation-based practice.
    • Journal Subset:
      Allied Health; Continental Europe; Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Europe; Peer Reviewed
    • ISSN:
      1103-8128
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 9502210
    • Grant Information:
      This research was funded in part by a research grant from OT Australia, Australian Association of Occupational Therapists Victoria Inc
    • Publication Date:
      20200106
    • Publication Date:
      20200109
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818
    • Accession Number:
      140999211
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WHITE, C.; LENTIN, P.; FARNWORTH, L. “I know what I am doing”: A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, [s. l.], v. 27, n. 1, p. 56–65, 2020. DOI 10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=140999211. Acesso em: 13 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      White C, Lentin P, Farnworth L. “I know what I am doing”: A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2020;27(1):56-65. doi:10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818
    • APA:
      White, C., Lentin, P., & Farnworth, L. (2020). “I know what I am doing”: A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 27(1), 56–65. https://doi.org/10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      White, Carolynne, Primrose Lentin, and Louise Farnworth. 2020. “‘I Know What I Am Doing’: A Grounded Theory Investigation into the Activities and Occupations of Adults Living with Chronic Conditions.” Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 27 (1): 56–65. doi:10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818.
    • Harvard:
      White, C., Lentin, P. and Farnworth, L. (2020) ‘“I know what I am doing”: A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions’, Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 27(1), pp. 56–65. doi: 10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      White, C, Lentin, P & Farnworth, L 2020, ‘“I know what I am doing”: A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions’, Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 56–65, viewed 13 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      White, Carolynne, et al. “‘I Know What I Am Doing’: A Grounded Theory Investigation into the Activities and Occupations of Adults Living with Chronic Conditions.” Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 27, no. 1, Jan. 2020, pp. 56–65. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      White, Carolynne, Primrose Lentin, and Louise Farnworth. “‘I Know What I Am Doing’: A Grounded Theory Investigation into the Activities and Occupations of Adults Living with Chronic Conditions.” Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 27, no. 1 (January 2020): 56–65. doi:10.1080/11038128.2019.1624818.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      White C, Lentin P, Farnworth L. “I know what I am doing”: A grounded theory investigation into the activities and occupations of adults living with chronic conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy [Internet]. 2020 Jan [cited 2020 Aug 13];27(1):56–65. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=140999211