Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, State University of New York – Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, USA
      Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, USA
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: The Research Domain Criteria initiative was launched by the US National Institute of Mental Health to establish a multi-level framework for understanding psychological constructs relevant to human psychiatric disorders, and identified 'effort valuation/willingness to work' as a clinically useful construct worthy of further study. This construct encompasses the processes by which the cost(s) of obtaining an outcome are calculated, and the tendency to overcome response costs to obtain a reinforcer. The current study aims to examine effort valuation as a correlate of psychopathology in children and adults, and the moderating effects of sex on this relationship. Methods: Participants were 1215 children aged 6–12 and their parents (n = 1044). All participants completed the Effort Expenditure for Rewards Task as a measure of effort expenditure. Child psychopathology was measured via the Child Behavior Checklist, while adult psychopathology was measured via the Adult Self Report. Additionally, the Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents and Injury Behavior Checklist were used to examine child social impairments/problem behaviors. Results: In children, significant interactions between reward sensitivity and sex were observed in association with anxiety and thought problems, specifically at low reward sensitivity levels. In adults, main effects of effort expenditure were seen in drug and alcohol abuse, where higher effort was associated with higher degrees of abuse. Conclusions: These results establish effort valuation as a relevant psychological construct for understanding psychopathology, but with different profiles of associated psychopathology across sex in children and adults.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland
    • Instrumentation:
      Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (Achenbach and Edelbrock)
      Adult Self-Report (ASR)
      Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA)
      Injury Behavior Checklist (IBC)
    • ISSN:
      0033-2917
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 1254142
    • Publication Date:
      20191129
    • Publication Date:
      20200305
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291718003884
    • Accession Number:
      139823468
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      NGUYEN, N. H. et al. Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults. Psychological Medicine, [s. l.], v. 49, n. 16, p. 2801–2807, 2019. DOI 10.1017/S0033291718003884. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=139823468. Acesso em: 3 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Nguyen NH, Albert AB, Van Orman S, et al. Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults. Psychological Medicine. 2019;49(16):2801-2807. doi:10.1017/S0033291718003884.
    • AMA11:
      Nguyen NH, Albert AB, Van Orman S, et al. Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults. Psychological Medicine. 2019;49(16):2801-2807. doi:10.1017/S0033291718003884
    • APA:
      Nguyen, N. H., Albert, A. B., Van Orman, S., Forken, P., Blatt, S. D., Fremont, W. P., Faraone, S. V., & Glatt, S. J. (2019). Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults. Psychological Medicine, 49(16), 2801–2807. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291718003884
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Nguyen, Nicholas H., Avery B. Albert, Sarah Van Orman, Patricia Forken, Steven D. Blatt, Wanda P. Fremont, Stephen V. Faraone, and Stephen J. Glatt. 2019. “Effort Valuation and Psychopathology in Children and Adults.” Psychological Medicine 49 (16): 2801–7. doi:10.1017/S0033291718003884.
    • Harvard:
      Nguyen, N. H. et al. (2019) ‘Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults’, Psychological Medicine, 49(16), pp. 2801–2807. doi: 10.1017/S0033291718003884.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Nguyen, NH, Albert, AB, Van Orman, S, Forken, P, Blatt, SD, Fremont, WP, Faraone, SV & Glatt, SJ 2019, ‘Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults’, Psychological Medicine, vol. 49, no. 16, pp. 2801–2807, viewed 3 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Nguyen, Nicholas H., et al. “Effort Valuation and Psychopathology in Children and Adults.” Psychological Medicine, vol. 49, no. 16, Dec. 2019, pp. 2801–2807. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1017/S0033291718003884.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Nguyen, Nicholas H., Avery B. Albert, Sarah Van Orman, Patricia Forken, Steven D. Blatt, Wanda P. Fremont, Stephen V. Faraone, and Stephen J. Glatt. “Effort Valuation and Psychopathology in Children and Adults.” Psychological Medicine 49, no. 16 (December 2019): 2801–7. doi:10.1017/S0033291718003884.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Nguyen NH, Albert AB, Van Orman S, Forken P, Blatt SD, Fremont WP, et al. Effort valuation and psychopathology in children and adults. Psychological Medicine [Internet]. 2019 Dec [cited 2020 Aug 3];49(16):2801–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=139823468