Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Faculty of Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver Campus, 2125 Main Mall, V6T 1Z4, Vancouver, BC, Canada
      Department of Special Education, Peabody College of Vanderbilt University, 110 Magnolia Circle, 37203-5721, Nashville, TN, USA
      Peabody College of Vanderbilt University, 230 Appleton Place, 37203, Nashville, TN, USA
      Metropolitan Nashville Public Schools, 2601 Bransford Avenue, 37204, Nashville, TN, USA
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The use of robots to teach students with autism spectrum disorder communication skills has basis in the literature; however, research investigating the effects of teaching coding or programming of robotics to promote learning in STEM to this population has not yet been conducted. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of teaching one code explicitly, using model-lead-test on the following dependent variables: (a) acquisition of the explicitly-taught code (i.e., robotic movement); (b) generalization of the explicitly-taught code to other novel codes (i.e., robotic sounds, light effects, complex movements), and (c) self-generated novel sets of codes. Results of the multiple probe across participants design demonstrate that all three students with ASD and challenging behaviors were able to acquire the initial code, generalize the initial code to novel codes, and self-generate (i.e., create, test, and evaluate) their own coding. Implications for practitioners, study limitations, and recommendations for future research are discussed.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Peer Reviewed; USA
    • ISSN:
      0162-3257
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 7904301
    • Publication Date:
      20190715
    • Publication Date:
      20200731
    • DOI:
      10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w
    • Accession Number:
      137441305
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KNIGHT, V. F. et al. Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, [s. l.], v. 49, n. 8, p. 3113–3126, 2019. DOI 10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=137441305. Acesso em: 25 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Knight VF, Wright J, Wilson K, Hooper A. Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders. 2019;49(8):3113-3126. doi:10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w
    • APA:
      Knight, V. F., Wright, J., Wilson, K., & Hooper, A. (2019). Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 49(8), 3113–3126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Knight, Victoria F., John Wright, Kalli Wilson, and Ashton Hooper. 2019. “Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior.” Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders 49 (8): 3113–26. doi:10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w.
    • Harvard:
      Knight, V. F. et al. (2019) ‘Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior’, Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 49(8), pp. 3113–3126. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Knight, VF, Wright, J, Wilson, K & Hooper, A 2019, ‘Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior’, Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 3113–3126, viewed 25 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Knight, Victoria F., et al. “Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior.” Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, vol. 49, no. 8, Aug. 2019, pp. 3113–3126. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Knight, Victoria F., John Wright, Kalli Wilson, and Ashton Hooper. “Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior.” Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders 49, no. 8 (August 2019): 3113–26. doi:10.1007/s10803-019-04033-w.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Knight VF, Wright J, Wilson K, Hooper A. Teaching Digital, Block-Based Coding of Robots to High School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Challenging Behavior. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders [Internet]. 2019 Aug [cited 2020 Sep 25];49(8):3113–26. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=137441305