Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA
      YWCA Bucks County, Trevose, PA, USA
      Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, 3215 Market Street Room 412 (Nesbitt Hall), 19104, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Comprehensive strategies for prescription drug misuse must reach culturally and linguistically diverse suburban populations to effectively combat the ongoing opioid epidemic. The purpose of this study was to conduct a community needs assessment and inform the development and implementation of culturally appropriate primary prevention strategies for community-based interventions, specifically related to medication disposal practices. Three data collection techniques were utilized: key informant interviews (n = 4), intercept surveys (n = 71), and focus group discussions (n = 8; 61 participants). To accommodate linguistically diverse subpopulations, surveys and focus groups were available in English, Spanish, Arabic, Russian, and Hindi. Participants were overwhelmingly female (survey: 70%/FGD: 84%), ethnic minorities (survey: 61%/FGD: 66%), and, on average, middle-aged [survey: 52 years (SD: 19)/FGD: 54 (15)]. Approximately one in three survey respondents (30%) had heard of drug-take back events, and one in ten (10%) had participated. Non-English speakers were less likely to both perceive a community problem with prescription drugs (β = − .35; p < .001) and be aware of take-back opportunities (β = − .23; p = .038). Focus group participants expressed confusion about appropriate medication disposal methods, identifying potential sources of conflicting information. Recent media coverage and political events have heightened stigma towards non-English speaking and non-native peoples, increasing their fear of law enforcement and other perceived threats. To encourage community engagement in take-back events, we identified multiple ways, such as multilingual materials and marketing campaigns, which may help marginalized suburban subpopulations feel less threatened and more included in prescription drug misuse prevention activities.
    • Journal Subset:
      Biomedical; Editorial Board Reviewed; Expert Peer Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; Public Health; USA
    • ISSN:
      0094-5145
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 7600747
    • Publication Date:
      20190314
    • Publication Date:
      20200331
    • DOI:
      10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9
    • Accession Number:
      135234286
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KEARNEY, M. et al. Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities. Journal of Community Health, [s. l.], v. 44, n. 2, p. 238–248, 2019. DOI 10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=135234286. Acesso em: 25 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kearney M, Reynolds L, Blitzstein S, Chapin K, Massey P. Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities. Journal of Community Health. 2019;44(2):238-248. doi:10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9
    • APA:
      Kearney, M., Reynolds, L., Blitzstein, S., Chapin, K., & Massey, P. (2019). Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities. Journal of Community Health, 44(2), 238–248. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kearney, Matthew, Leslie Reynolds, Sandy Blitzstein, Kristin Chapin, and Philip Massey. 2019. “Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities.” Journal of Community Health 44 (2): 238–48. doi:10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9.
    • Harvard:
      Kearney, M. et al. (2019) ‘Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities’, Journal of Community Health, 44(2), pp. 238–248. doi: 10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kearney, M, Reynolds, L, Blitzstein, S, Chapin, K & Massey, P 2019, ‘Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities’, Journal of Community Health, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 238–248, viewed 25 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kearney, Matthew, et al. “Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities.” Journal of Community Health, vol. 44, no. 2, Apr. 2019, pp. 238–248. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kearney, Matthew, Leslie Reynolds, Sandy Blitzstein, Kristin Chapin, and Philip Massey. “Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities.” Journal of Community Health 44, no. 2 (April 2019): 238–48. doi:10.1007/s10900-018-0579-9.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kearney M, Reynolds L, Blitzstein S, Chapin K, Massey P. Primary Prevention of Prescription Drug Misuse Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Suburban Communities. Journal of Community Health [Internet]. 2019 Apr [cited 2020 Sep 25];44(2):238–48. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=135234286