Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program.

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Criminology, College of Arts and Sciences, Texas A&M-San Antonio, One University Way, San Antonio, TX, USA
      Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT, USA
      College of Criminal Justice, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX, USA
      Faculty of Law, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Although a plethora of research has been conducted on the profiles of substance abusers and the efficacy of various drug treatment programs in lowering post-treatment recidivism, there has been a dearth of studies on the treatment progress itself, the “black-box” in drug/DWI treatment research. This study examines the indicators of treatment noncompliance among a sample of DWI Court Program participants of one county in a Southern state. Results of regression indicate that clients with delinquent peers were less likely to comply with treatment conditions. Results indicate that the odds of a client with criminal acquaintances to be non-compliant were 4.8 times greater than for a client with no criminal acquaintances (p < 0.05). A greater count of sanctions and incentives received also increased the odds of being non-compliant. The odds of a client being noncompliant were 1.5 times greater when the count of incentives increased by one unit. Similarly, the odds of a client being noncompliant were 2.2 times greater when the count of sanctions increased by one unit. Results indicate that the quality of incentives and sanctions rather than the number or rate granted to clients may be more predictive of treatment compliance.
    • Journal Subset:
      Double Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Europe; Expert Peer Reviewed; Nursing; Peer Reviewed; UK & Ireland
    • Instrumentation:
      Level of Supervision Inventory ¿ Revised (LSI-R)
    • ISSN:
      1465-9891
    • MEDLINE Info:
      NLM UID: 100891385
    • Publication Date:
      20160930
    • Publication Date:
      20190227
    • DOI:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088
    • Accession Number:
      118194247
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      NOLASCO, C. A. R. I. et al. Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program. Journal of Substance Use, [s. l.], v. 21, n. 4, p. 390–394, 2016. DOI 10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=118194247. Acesso em: 2 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Nolasco CARI, Rivolta P, Mullings JL, Spaic A. Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program. Journal of Substance Use. 2016;21(4):390-394. doi:10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088.
    • AMA11:
      Nolasco CARI, Rivolta P, Mullings JL, Spaic A. Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program. Journal of Substance Use. 2016;21(4):390-394. doi:10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088
    • APA:
      Nolasco, C. A. R. I., Rivolta, P., Mullings, J. L., & Spaic, A. (2016). Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program. Journal of Substance Use, 21(4), 390–394. https://doi.org/10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Nolasco, Claire Angelique R. I., Pierre Rivolta, Janet L. Mullings, and Aneta Spaic. 2016. “Unlocking the Black Box: Indicators of Treatment Noncompliance in a DWI Court Program.” Journal of Substance Use 21 (4): 390–94. doi:10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088.
    • Harvard:
      Nolasco, C. A. R. I. et al. (2016) ‘Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program’, Journal of Substance Use, 21(4), pp. 390–394. doi: 10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Nolasco, CARI, Rivolta, P, Mullings, JL & Spaic, A 2016, ‘Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program’, Journal of Substance Use, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 390–394, viewed 2 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Nolasco, Claire Angelique R. I., et al. “Unlocking the Black Box: Indicators of Treatment Noncompliance in a DWI Court Program.” Journal of Substance Use, vol. 21, no. 4, Aug. 2016, pp. 390–394. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Nolasco, Claire Angelique R. I., Pierre Rivolta, Janet L. Mullings, and Aneta Spaic. “Unlocking the Black Box: Indicators of Treatment Noncompliance in a DWI Court Program.” Journal of Substance Use 21, no. 4 (August 2016): 390–94. doi:10.3109/14659891.2015.1040088.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Nolasco CARI, Rivolta P, Mullings JL, Spaic A. Unlocking the black box: indicators of treatment noncompliance in a DWI court program. Journal of Substance Use [Internet]. 2016 Aug [cited 2020 Jul 2];21(4):390–4. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=rzh&AN=118194247