Racial and ethnic discrimination.

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    • Abstract:
      Within the founding documents of the United States are statements on equality and freedom that contradicted the facts of American society at the time of the founding—contradictions whose effects have never been fully resolved. The Declaration of Independence calls it self-evident that “all men are created equal” and have “unalienable rights.” Yet prior to the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), the Constitution acknowledged the institution of slavery, notably in a provision that fugitive slaves must be returned to their owners. Any new country proclaiming equality while allowing slavery and thinking of an entire race as inferior is founded on an impossible contradiction, one that many of the founders undoubtedly realized would have to be faced in the future. Until the mid-twentieth century, however, the federal government generally avoided becoming involved in attempts to legislate against discrimination, allowing the states to establish their own policies. Many of the states, being closer to the people and their prejudices than the federal government was, were inclined to condone discrimination and even actively encourage it through legislation.
    • Full Text Word Count:
      3274
    • Accession Number:
      96397611
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RUDOLPH, J. R., Jr.; ADAMS, M. Racial and ethnic discrimination. Salem Press Encyclopedia, [s. l.], 2020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611. Acesso em: 9 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Rudolph JR Jr, Adams M. Racial and ethnic discrimination. Salem Press Encyclopedia. 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611. Accessed July 9, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Rudolph JR Jr, Adams M. Racial and ethnic discrimination. Salem Press Encyclopedia. Published online 2020. Accessed July 9, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611
    • APA:
      Rudolph, J. R., Jr., & Adams, M. (2020). Racial and ethnic discrimination. Salem Press Encyclopedia.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rudolph, Joseph R., Jr., and McCrea Adams. 2020. “Racial and Ethnic Discrimination.” Salem Press Encyclopedia. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611.
    • Harvard:
      Rudolph, J. R., Jr. and Adams, M. (2020) ‘Racial and ethnic discrimination’, Salem Press Encyclopedia. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611 (Accessed: 9 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rudolph, JR, Jr & Adams, M 2020, ‘Racial and ethnic discrimination’, Salem Press Encyclopedia, viewed 9 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Rudolph, Joseph R., Jr., and McCrea Adams. “Racial and Ethnic Discrimination.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2020. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rudolph, Joseph R., Jr., and McCrea Adams. “Racial and Ethnic Discrimination.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rudolph JR Jr, Adams M. Racial and ethnic discrimination. Salem Press Encyclopedia [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Jul 9]; Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ers&AN=96397611