Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil)

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Práticas em Desenvolvimento Sustentável, CEP 20.030-060, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
      b Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – Biology Institute, Rio de Janeiro State University, CEP 20551-220, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
      c Universidade Federal do ABC – Federal University of ABC, Center for Natural Sciences and Humanities, CEP 09606-070, São Bernardo do Campo, SP, Brazil
    • Keywords:
      Sustainability
      Tourism product
      Ecotourism
      Underwater trail
    • Abstract:
      The Community Based Marine Ecotourism (CBME) is one of the strategies of the Emancipatory Environmental Education. This paper evaluates the feasibility of a new CBME product (marine underwater trail) in a protected area in northeastern Brazil, through a seven phase process. The Environmental Protection Area of Tinharé and Boipeba presented excellent conditions for implantation of the product; Tassimirim beach was selected as the location due to its diverse marine reefs geobiodiversity, allowing the creation of a 320 m long trail; 89% of the participants who tested the product evaluated it as “excellent”; 76% of participants would accept to pay US$ 17.00 to US$ 33.00 for the product; more than 79% of the local residents and entrepreneurs found the initiative excellent. The product was applied for 10 days and generated US$ 433.00. We concluded that the CBME product showed efficacy and economic/environmental sustainability. It was well accepted by local entrepreneurs, ecotourists and community, but it still needs to be further issued and accepted by tour guides so that they can disclose the activity and be favored.
    • ISSN:
      0964-5691
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022
    • Accession Number:
      S096456911730073X
    • Copyright:
      © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RHORMENS, M. S.; PEDRINI, A. de G.; GHILARDI-LOPES, N. P. Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil). Ocean and Coastal Management, [s. l.], v. 139, p. 1–11, 2017. DOI 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S096456911730073X. Acesso em: 25 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Rhormens MS, Pedrini A de G, Ghilardi-Lopes NP. Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil). Ocean and Coastal Management. 2017;139:1-11. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022
    • APA:
      Rhormens, M. S., Pedrini, A. de G., & Ghilardi-Lopes, N. P. (2017). Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil). Ocean and Coastal Management, 139, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rhormens, Marta Smith, Alexandre de G. Pedrini, and Natalia Pirani Ghilardi-Lopes. 2017. “Implementation Feasibility of a Marine Ecotourism Product on the Reef Environments of the Marine Protected Areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil).” Ocean and Coastal Management 139 (April): 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022.
    • Harvard:
      Rhormens, M. S., Pedrini, A. de G. and Ghilardi-Lopes, N. P. (2017) ‘Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil)’, Ocean and Coastal Management, 139, pp. 1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rhormens, MS, Pedrini, A de G & Ghilardi-Lopes, NP 2017, ‘Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil)’, Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 139, pp. 1–11, viewed 25 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Rhormens, Marta Smith, et al. “Implementation Feasibility of a Marine Ecotourism Product on the Reef Environments of the Marine Protected Areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil).” Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 139, Apr. 2017, pp. 1–11. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rhormens, Marta Smith, Alexandre de G. Pedrini, and Natalia Pirani Ghilardi-Lopes. “Implementation Feasibility of a Marine Ecotourism Product on the Reef Environments of the Marine Protected Areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil).” Ocean and Coastal Management 139 (April 1, 2017): 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.01.022.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rhormens MS, Pedrini A de G, Ghilardi-Lopes NP. Implementation feasibility of a marine ecotourism product on the reef environments of the marine protected areas of Tinharé and Boipeba Islands (Cairu, Bahia, Brazil). Ocean and Coastal Management [Internet]. 2017 Apr 1 [cited 2020 Sep 25];139:1–11. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S096456911730073X