Mapping race and environment: geography's entanglements with Aryanism

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  • Author(s): Ashutosh, Ishan
  • Source:
    In Journal of Historical Geography October 2018 62:15-23
  • Publication Information:
    Elsevier Ltd
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Geography, Indiana University, Student Building 120, 701 E. Kirkwood Avenue, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    • Keywords:
      Race
      Colonialism
      India
      Geographic thought
      Environment
      Aryan
      United States
    • Abstract:
      This article examines how theories of Aryanism influenced geographic theories of race and environmental influence. The argument is made that the entanglements between Aryanism and geographic theories of race provide a new site in assessing the history of geographic thought. It begins by illuminating the rise of Aryanism in colonial India. As it moved across time and space, Aryanism became a foundational element in racial science, and informed a number of disciplines, including geography. The majority of the article is devoted to exposing the influence of Aryanism in American geography from the mid nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries. The paper finds that the influential geographers Arnold Guyot, Nathaniel Shaler, Friedrich Ratzel, Ellen Semple, and Ellsworth Huntington were all indebted to Aryanism in the production of their theories of race and the environment.
    • ISSN:
      0305-7488
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018
    • Accession Number:
      S0305748817302773
    • Copyright:
      © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ASHUTOSH, I. Mapping race and environment: geography’s entanglements with Aryanism. Journal of Historical Geography, [s. l.], v. 62, p. 15–23, 2018. DOI 10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0305748817302773. Acesso em: 18 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Ashutosh I. Mapping race and environment: geography’s entanglements with Aryanism. Journal of Historical Geography. 2018;62:15-23. doi:10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018
    • APA:
      Ashutosh, I. (2018). Mapping race and environment: geography’s entanglements with Aryanism. Journal of Historical Geography, 62, 15–23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Ashutosh, Ishan. 2018. “Mapping Race and Environment: Geography’s Entanglements with Aryanism.” Journal of Historical Geography 62 (October): 15–23. doi:10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018.
    • Harvard:
      Ashutosh, I. (2018) ‘Mapping race and environment: geography’s entanglements with Aryanism’, Journal of Historical Geography, 62, pp. 15–23. doi: 10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ashutosh, I 2018, ‘Mapping race and environment: geography’s entanglements with Aryanism’, Journal of Historical Geography, vol. 62, pp. 15–23, viewed 18 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Ashutosh, Ishan. “Mapping Race and Environment: Geography’s Entanglements with Aryanism.” Journal of Historical Geography, vol. 62, Oct. 2018, pp. 15–23. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Ashutosh, Ishan. “Mapping Race and Environment: Geography’s Entanglements with Aryanism.” Journal of Historical Geography 62 (October 1, 2018): 15–23. doi:10.1016/j.jhg.2018.02.018.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ashutosh I. Mapping race and environment: geography’s entanglements with Aryanism. Journal of Historical Geography [Internet]. 2018 Oct 1 [cited 2020 Sep 18];62:15–23. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0305748817302773