Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      USA: IEEE
    • Publication Date:
      2019
    • Abstract:
      The main purpose of this paper is to label one face to which it refers using a commonly accepted concept or linguistic term that corresponds to a given face class. Therefore, a facial semantic description method based on the axiomatic fuzzy set (AFS) theory is proposed. Firstly, the facial geometric features are defined based on the landmarks, such as distance features, angle features and scale features, etc. And then the salient features are selected via AFS feature selection method, and the fuzzy linguistic terms are defined the selected features. Thirdly, the facial descriptions which can characterize the salient characteristics are extracted via a clustering scheme in the framework of AFS theory. Multiple experiments are done on Chinese ethnic face database including Korean, Uyghur and Zhuang. The experimental results demonstrate that AFS feature selection can obtain higher accuracies via AFS clustering algorithm for each ethnic group than that via mRMR. Furthermore, compared with k-means, FCM and Minmax k-means, AFS clustering algorithm obtains the highest accuracies for each ethnic group, which verifies the efficacy of the proposed semantic extractor. Consequently, one comparative experimental results verify the consistency between the extracted semantic description method and the facial physical characteristics in physical anthropology. Also the facial semantics would be very useful to further describe some facial action units or facial expressions, which can be further used for affection analysis of images as well as semi-automatic action unit/facial expression annotation.
    • Author Affiliations:
      School of Automation, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang, China
      School of Mathematics, Northwest University, Xi’an, China
    • ISSN:
      2169-3536
    • Accession Number:
      10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373
    • Rights:
      Copyright 2013, IEEE
    • AMSID:
      8890815
    • Date of Current Version:
      2019
    • Document Subtype:
      IEEE Journal
    • Accession Number:
      edseee.8890815
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      REN, Y. et al. Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set. IEEE Access, Access, IEEE, [s. l.], v. 7, p. 164294–164303, 2019. DOI 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edseee&AN=edseee.8890815. Acesso em: 10 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Ren Y, Zhang S, Ji X, Leng C. Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set. IEEE Access, Access, IEEE. 2019;7:164294-164303. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373
    • APA:
      Ren, Y., Zhang, S., Ji, X., & Leng, C. (2019). Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set. IEEE Access, Access, IEEE, 7, 164294–164303. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Ren, Y., S. Zhang, X. Ji, and C. Leng. 2019. “Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set.” IEEE Access, Access, IEEE 7 (January): 164294–303. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373.
    • Harvard:
      Ren, Y. et al. (2019) ‘Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set’, IEEE Access, Access, IEEE, 7, pp. 164294–164303. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ren, Y, Zhang, S, Ji, X & Leng, C 2019, ‘Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set’, IEEE Access, Access, IEEE, vol. 7, pp. 164294–164303, viewed 10 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Ren, Y., et al. “Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set.” IEEE Access, Access, IEEE, vol. 7, Jan. 2019, pp. 164294–164303. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Ren, Y., S. Zhang, X. Ji, and C. Leng. “Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set.” IEEE Access, Access, IEEE 7 (January 1, 2019): 164294–303. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2951373.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ren Y, Zhang S, Ji X, Leng C. Interpretable Facial Semantic Extractor Based on Axiomatic Fuzzy Set. IEEE Access, Access, IEEE [Internet]. 2019 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Aug 10];7:164294–303. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edseee&AN=edseee.8890815