DES HOMMES NOIRS ET NON PAS DES NÈGRES»: PIEL Y RAZA EN EL SIGLO XVIII. (Spanish)

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    • Alternate Title:
      «DES HOMMES NOIRS ET NON PAS DES NÈGRES»: SKIN AND RACE IN XVIIITH CENTURY. (English)
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    • Abstract:
      The article focuses on the increasing interest in the skin color and origins of black people in the 18th century, and its impacts on the increasing social differentiation between whites and blacks from anatomical, physiological and historical viewpoints. The author refers to the French phrase ''vrais Nègres,'' or authentic blacks, which was often used during the time period to allude to the black race. The studies of French physician Pierre Barrère regarding the biological origins of black skin and the role of the Malpighian membrane in the skin are discussed. The author emphasizes that race and skin color are a part of the natural history of man, as well as the history of nations.