Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish)

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  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      Um mito republicano de harmonia racial: raça e patriotismo na Colômbia, 1810-1812. (Portuguese)
      A Republican Myth of Racial Harmony: Race and Patriotism in Colombia, 1810-1812. (English)
    • Publication Year:
      2007
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Cádiz constitutions
      Cartagena
      race
      racial democracy
      republicanism
      Wars of Independence
      Cartagena
      Cortes de Cádiz
      democracia racial
      Guerras de independencia
      raza
      republicanismo
      Cartagena
      Cortes de Cádiz
      democracia racial
      Guerras de independência
      raça
      republicanismo
      EnglishSpanishPortugueseLanguage of Keywords: English; Spanish; Portuguese
    • Abstract:
      This article argues that the nationalist ideology of racial harmony and equality--which contemporary academics have called the "myth of racial harmony"--emerged during the anti-colonial Hispano-American wars of early nineteenth century. Factors such as the participation of blacks and mulattos in the patriot army, the elite's fear of a racial war, and the powerful nationalist ideology that appeared during those wars compelled the new Hispano-American nations to "solve" their racial conflicts by creating a nationalist myth of racial harmony and equality. The article analyzes the intellectual and ideological aspects of this process. It discusses how citizenship was denied to people of African descent during Constitutional debates in Cadiz, and how patriot discourse, as a result of such debates and the mobilization of blacks and mulattos for the patriots, started to equate the rights of pardos with the fight against the colonial system, and patriotism with racial harmony. A new and powerful nationalist ideology was thus created, influencing race relations over the next two centuries. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      El artículo sostiene que la ideología nacionalista de armonía e igualdad racial -lo que los académicos contemporáneos han llamado el "mito de democracia racial"- surgió durante las guerras anticoloniales hispanoamericanas de principios del siglo XIX. Factores como la participación de los negros y mulatos en el ejército patriota, el miedo de la elite a la guerra de razas y la poderosa ideología nacionalista que surgió durante las guerras, llevaron a que las nuevas naciones hispanoamericanas "resolvieran" sus conflictos raciales con la creación de un mito nacionalista de armonía e igualdad racial. Este artículo examina el lado intelectual e ideológico de este proceso. A lo largo del texto la autora narra cómo en las Cortes Constitucionales de Cádiz se negó la ciudadanía a los afro-descendientes y cómo, como resultado de estos debates y de la movilización de patriotas negros y mulatos, el discurso patriota empezó a equiparar los derechos de los pardos con la lucha en contra del sistema colonial y el patriotismo con la armonía racial. Es así como se forja una nueva y poderosa ideología nacionalista que afectará las relaciones raciales de los próximos dos siglos. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      O artigo sustenta que a ideologia nacionalista de harmonia e igualdade racial -- o que os acadêmicos contemporâneos têm chamado de "mito da democracia racial"-surgiu durante as guerras anticoloniais hispano-americanas nos começos do século XIX. Alguns fatores como a participação dos negros e mulatos no exército patriota, o medo da elite às guerras de raças e a poderosa ideologia nacionalista que surgiu durante as guerras, levaram a que as novas nações hispano-americanas "resolvessem" seus confl itos raciais com a criação de um mito nacionalista de harmonia e igualdade racial. O artigo examina o lado intelectual e ideológico deste processo. Ao longo do texto a autora narra a forma como as deliberações nas Cortes Constitucionais de Cádiz negaram a cidadania aos afro-descendentes e, como, graças a esses debates e a mobilização de patriotas negros e mulatos, o discurso patriota começou a equiparar os direitos dos pardos com a luta em contra do sistema colonial e o patriotismo com a harmonia racial. Foi assim como se forjou uma nova e poderosa ideologia nacionalista a qual afetará as relações raciais dos próximos dois séculos. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Revista de Estudios Sociales is the property of Universidad de los Andes and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0123885X
    • Accession Number:
      27358979
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LASSO, M. Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish). Revista de Estudios Sociales, [s. l.], n. 27, p. 32, 2007. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Lasso M. Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish). Revista de Estudios Sociales. 2007;(27):32. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979. Accessed July 4, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Lasso M. Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish). Revista de Estudios Sociales. 2007;(27):32. Accessed July 4, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979
    • APA:
      Lasso, M. (2007). Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish). Revista de Estudios Sociales, 27, 32.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Lasso, Marixa. 2007. “Un Mito Republicano de Armonía Racial: Raza y Patriotismo En Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish).” Revista de Estudios Sociales, no. 27 (August): 32. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979.
    • Harvard:
      Lasso, M. (2007) ‘Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish)’, Revista de Estudios Sociales, (27), p. 32. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979 (Accessed: 4 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Lasso, M 2007, ‘Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish)’, Revista de Estudios Sociales, no. 27, p. 32, viewed 4 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Lasso, Marixa. “Un Mito Republicano de Armonía Racial: Raza y Patriotismo En Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish).” Revista de Estudios Sociales, no. 27, Aug. 2007, p. 32. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Lasso, Marixa. “Un Mito Republicano de Armonía Racial: Raza y Patriotismo En Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish).” Revista de Estudios Sociales, no. 27 (August 2007): 32. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Lasso M. Un mito republicano de armonía racial: raza y patriotismo en Colombia, 1820-1812. (Spanish). Revista de Estudios Sociales [Internet]. 2007 Aug [cited 2020 Jul 4];(27):32. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=27358979