Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Year:
      2020
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Apartheid
      Disability Sport
      Government
      Para Sport
      South Africa
    • Abstract:
      At the 1961 Commonwealth Conference, Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker set in motion a clause that prevented South Africa from regaining admittance to the British Commonwealth rather than demanding the South African government remove its racist policies and laws. There had long been calls for an international boycott and sanctions against South Africa because of apartheid, but the Canadian government had done little to verify its stance in this regard. In 1976, Toronto played host to the Olympiad for the Physically Disabled; the invitation and arrival of a unified South African team forced the federal government to take a stand and withdrew all financial and moral support of the games. However, this political statement did nothing end apartheid or drive international human rights policies. Furthermore, it also showed that the Canadian government was unable to reflect on its own history of racial inequality with regards to Indigenous peoples. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of International Journal of Sport & Society is the property of Common Ground Research Networks and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      21527857
    • Accession Number:
      141508447
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SCHWEINBENZ, A. N. Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society, [s. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 1, 2020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447. Acesso em: 10 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Schweinbenz AN. Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society. 2020;11(2):1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447. Accessed July 10, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Schweinbenz AN. Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society. 2020;11(2):1. Accessed July 10, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447
    • APA:
      Schweinbenz, A. N. (2020). Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society, 11(2), 1.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Schweinbenz, Amanda Nicole. 2020. “Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.” International Journal of Sport & Society 11 (2): 1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447.
    • Harvard:
      Schweinbenz, A. N. (2020) ‘Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled’, International Journal of Sport & Society, 11(2), p. 1. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447 (Accessed: 10 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Schweinbenz, AN 2020, ‘Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled’, International Journal of Sport & Society, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 1, viewed 10 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Schweinbenz, Amanda Nicole. “Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.” International Journal of Sport & Society, vol. 11, no. 2, Jan. 2020, p. 1. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Schweinbenz, Amanda Nicole. “Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled.” International Journal of Sport & Society 11, no. 2 (January 2020): 1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Schweinbenz AN. Diplomatic Hypocrisy: The Canadian Government and the 1976 Toronto Olympiad for the Physically Disabled. International Journal of Sport & Society [Internet]. 2020 Jan [cited 2020 Jul 10];11(2):1. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=141508447