"实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese)

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  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      The “Loss-in-practice” Hypothesis: Evolution and Analysis of Ophiolatry Rituals in Zhanghuban. (English)
    • Publication Year:
      2018
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      loss-in-practice hypothesis
      ritual evolution
      Sahlins path
      secular society
      snake worship in Zhanghuban
      世俗社会
      仪式进化
      实践遗失假说
      樟湖坂崇蛇仪式
      萨林斯路径
      EnglishChineseLanguage of Keywords: English; Chinese
    • Abstract:
      The case Zhanghuban of Nanping city in Fujian province regarding snake worship aims to verify the following"loss-in-practice"hypothesis: snake worship ceremonies have gradually shifted from a sacred faith in secular society into a popular attraction amid the tourism realm. This statement is consistent with Marshall Sahlins’ thesis on the evolutionary path of rituals. The ritual structure gradually becomes"touristified", its functions demystified and its meaning loaded with the need to globalize local knowledge. The evolution of the ritual symbolizes a loss-in-practice process which started embodying the universe, transited amid human relationships and ultimately resulted in an economic pattern.The second part of the paper follows four basic logic elements, which bring upon the construction process of the theoretical hypothesis. First of all, the"undetermined questions must be put forward"statement refers to the"dynamic loss"process experienced on the snake worship rituals in the Zhang huban case. This process is present on the change of the decisive factors regarding the environment in which the ritual exists(Victor Turner, 1967). This change has undergone different stages on its "threshold features"(Arnold van Gennep, 2010) and has ultimately reached the dynamic loss and gradual extinction of its"structure and function"(J E. Harrison, 2011). Secondly, the"conceived basic standpoint of the hypothesis" refers to the change in three threshold characteristics, namely "deterritorializing in local production", "shingling in structural production" and "spirit depletion in meaning production". It is a kind of dynamic loss-in-practice process.Thirdly, the"theoretical statement"points out that Sahlins’ path refers to the social transformation process from secular society to tourism, as the ritual experiences different stages, namely the cultural adjustment on the ritual culture depicted by Victor Turner’s living state, by Emile Durkheim’s identify state, by D J. Boostin’s trivial state and by Nelson H. Graburn’s communita state. In short, the structure and form of the ritual adapts to touristic social practices.Finally, the"factual statement"uses a"diachronic analysis"to provide the relevant materials to analyze the social phenomena of the processes of de-territorializing, re-ritualizing and de-mystifying.This paper proves that the influence mechanism of tourism practices toward the evolution of rituals conforms to the Sahlins "loss-in-practice" thesis. First, tourism rituals must focus on the mechanism of ritual beliefs and pay attention to the authenticity of the ritual and to local knowledge in order for it to be beneficial for the preservation of cultural diversity and dynamic development. Second,social practices have promoted the weakening of mystery in touristic rituals. From the perspective of the aesthetic value perceived by the tourist, this process is reflexive, for the secular taking part of tourists may gradually transcend triviality and be influenced by the holiness of the ritual. Third, given the fact that tourists take part on the touristic ritual and the existence of an external meaning-recreation function, the tourist spirit escapes and becomes resacralized. From here, the communita state depicted by Graburn is achieved, utterly realizing the education function which traveling provides to the traveler. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      福建南平樟湖坂的崇蛇仪式在旅游商业化社会实践 的变迁中发生动态性的遗失,文章通过案例分析验证了“实践遗 失”假说:崇蛇仪式从世俗社会的神圣化信仰逐渐转变为旅游世 界的大众化观光,符合萨林斯对仪式进化路径的动态演化论 点。崇蛇仪式的结构逐渐旅游化,其功能实现了去神秘化,意义 生产偏重地方知识的全球化;仪式进化中体现了从宇宙格局、人 伦格局到经济格局的实践遗失过程。 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan is the property of Tourism Institute of Beijing Union University and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      10025006
    • Accession Number:
      139002148
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      卢政营. "实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese). Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan, [s. l.], v. 33, n. 6, p. 99, 2018. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139002148. Acesso em: 19 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      卢政营. "实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese). Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan. 2018;33(6):99. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139002148. Accessed February 19, 2020.
    • APA:
      卢政营. (2018). "实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese). Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan, 33(6), 99.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      卢政营. 2018. “"实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese).” Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan 33 (6): 99. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139002148.
    • Harvard:
      卢政营 (2018) ‘"实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese)’, Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan, 33(6), p. 99. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139002148 (Accessed: 19 February 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      卢政营 2018, ‘"实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese)’, Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan, vol. 33, no. 6, p. 99, viewed 19 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      卢政营. “"实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese).” Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan, vol. 33, no. 6, June 2018, p. 99. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139002148.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      卢政营. “"实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese).” Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan 33, no. 6 (June 6, 2018): 99. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139002148.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      卢政营. "实践遗失”假说:樟湖坂崇蛇仪式进化及证据解析. (Chinese). Tourism Tribune / Lvyou Xuekan [Internet]. 2018 Jun 6 [cited 2020 Feb 19];33(6):99. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139002148