EL MERCADO LABORAL Y LA RELIGIÓN: LA RELIGIÓN "VIVIDA" DE LA DIÁSPORA COMERCIAL DE OTAVALO (ECUADOR). (Spanish)

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    • Alternate Title:
      LABOUR MARKET AND RELIGION: "LIVED" RELIGION IN THE CASE OF THE OTAVALO TRADE DIASPORA. (English)
    • Abstract:
      This research demonstrates that the labour market mechanisms can profoundly influence the ways in which religion in understood and practiced in migratory contexts. Multiple studies, from diverse geographical contexts, show that migrants are often overrepresented in specific occupations. This paper, based on a case study of the kichwa otavalo, an indigenous population from Northern Ecuador, indicates that the concentration in one occupational niche can lead to the development of what we have called "segmented religiosity". The results of the qualitative research conducted in the South of Spain demonstrate that religious life in emigration cannot be properly understood without the longitudinal analysis of socioeconomic and political conditions that affect the insertion of migrants in the destination contexts. It is argued that, in spite of static conceptualization of religion, collective religious meanings and practices can change in a very short period of time in response to the requirements of the labour market. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      La presente investigación muestra cómo el mercado laboral puede marcar profundamente las maneras en las que la religión es comprendida y practicada en el contexto migratorio. En la actualidad existen evidencias empíricas sólidas que indican que en diversos países de destino la población migrante, con frecuencia, se ve sobrerrepresentada en nichos laborales específicos. Este estudio, partiendo desde el análisis de caso de los kichwa otavalo, una población indígena del norte de Ecuador, revela cómo dicha concentración laboral puede plasmarse en el desarrollo de lo que denominamos la "religiosidad segmentada". Los resultados de la investigación cualitativa, realizada en el sur de España, evidencian que la comprensión de la vida religiosa en la emigración no puede llevarse a cabo sin el análisis longitudinal de los condicionantes socioeconómicos y políticos que repercuten en la inserción de los migrantes en los contextos de acogida. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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