Bilingual comparison of Mandarin and English cognitive bias tasks.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Attention
      Cognitive bias
      Cross-cultural
      Emotion
      Information processing
      Interpretation
    • Abstract:
      Most research into cognitive biases has used Western samples, despite potential East-West socio-cultural differences. One reason is the lack of appropriate measures for non-Westerners. This study is about cross-linguistic equivalence which needs to be established before assessing cross-cultural differences in future research. We developed parallel Mandarin and English measures of interpretation bias and attention bias using back-translation and decentering procedures. We assessed task equivalence by administering both sets of measures to 47 bilingual Mandarin-English speakers. Interpretation bias measurement was similar and reliable across language versions, confirming suitability of the Mandarin versions for future cross-cultural research. By contrast, scores on attention bias tasks did not intercorrelate reliably, suggesting that nonverbal stimuli such as pictures or facial expressions of emotion might present better prospects for cross-cultural comparison. The development of the first set of equivalent measures of interpretation bias in an Eastern language paves the way for future research investigating East-West differences in biased cognition. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, 16 De Crespigny Park, SE5 8AF, London, UK
      2Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, 9 South Parks Road, OX1 3UD, Oxford, UK
      3Department of Psychology, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    • Full Text Word Count:
      8308
    • ISSN:
      1554-351X
    • Accession Number:
      10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0
    • Accession Number:
      128332864
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SMITH, L. et al. Bilingual comparison of Mandarin and English cognitive bias tasks. Behavior Research Methods, [s. l.], v. 50, n. 1, p. 302–312, 2018. DOI 10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cxh&AN=128332864. Acesso em: 27 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Smith L, Leung WG, Crane B, Yiend J, Parkinson B, Toulopoulou T. Bilingual comparison of Mandarin and English cognitive bias tasks. Behavior Research Methods. 2018;50(1):302-312. doi:10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0
    • APA:
      Smith, L., Leung, W. G., Crane, B., Yiend, J., Parkinson, B., & Toulopoulou, T. (2018). Bilingual comparison of Mandarin and English cognitive bias tasks. Behavior Research Methods, 50(1), 302–312. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Smith, Louise, Wing Gi Leung, Bryony Crane, Jenny Yiend, Brian Parkinson, and Timothea Toulopoulou. 2018. “Bilingual Comparison of Mandarin and English Cognitive Bias Tasks.” Behavior Research Methods 50 (1): 302–12. doi:10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0.
    • Harvard:
      Smith, L. et al. (2018) ‘Bilingual comparison of Mandarin and English cognitive bias tasks’, Behavior Research Methods, 50(1), pp. 302–312. doi: 10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Smith, L, Leung, WG, Crane, B, Yiend, J, Parkinson, B & Toulopoulou, T 2018, ‘Bilingual comparison of Mandarin and English cognitive bias tasks’, Behavior Research Methods, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 302–312, viewed 27 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Smith, Louise, et al. “Bilingual Comparison of Mandarin and English Cognitive Bias Tasks.” Behavior Research Methods, vol. 50, no. 1, Feb. 2018, pp. 302–312. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Smith, Louise, Wing Gi Leung, Bryony Crane, Jenny Yiend, Brian Parkinson, and Timothea Toulopoulou. “Bilingual Comparison of Mandarin and English Cognitive Bias Tasks.” Behavior Research Methods 50, no. 1 (February 2018): 302–12. doi:10.3758/s13428-017-0871-0.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Smith L, Leung WG, Crane B, Yiend J, Parkinson B, Toulopoulou T. Bilingual comparison of Mandarin and English cognitive bias tasks. Behavior Research Methods [Internet]. 2018 Feb [cited 2020 Oct 27];50(1):302–12. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cxh&AN=128332864