Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior

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  • Source:
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2012 1252 1, 129 (129-38) Published by: Blackwell Publishing Inc. (350 Main Street, Malden MA 02148, United States) United States
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
      Trainor LJ, Marie C, Gerry D, Whiskin E, Unrau A
    • Contact Information:
      L.J. Trainor, McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Department of Psychology Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada. E-mail: LJT@mcmaster.ca
    • Language:
      English
    • Publication Type:
      Book Series: Article
    • Record Status:
      This record is this issue.
    • Abstract:
      Musical enculturation is a complex, multifaceted process that includes the development of perceptual processing specialized for the pitch and rhythmic structures of the musical system in the culture, understanding of esthetic and expressive norms, and learning the pragmatic uses of music in different social situations. Here, we summarize the results of a study in which 6-month-old Western infants were randomly assigned to 6 months of either an active participatory music class or a class in which they experienced music passively while playing. Active music participation resulted in earlier enculturation to Western tonal pitch structure, larger and/or earlier brain responses to musical tones, and a more positive social trajectory. Furthermore, the data suggest that early exposure to cultural norms of musical expression leads to early preferences for those norms. We conclude that musical enculturation begins in infancy and that active participatory music making in a positive social setting accelerates enculturation. 2012 New York Academy of Sciences.
    • EMBASE keywords:
      article; *behavior; brain; *brain development; *cultural anthropology; human; human experiment; infant; learning; *music; *musical enculturation; psychosocial development
    • Accession Number:
      2012237959
    • Source:
      This document should be cited as: Trainor LJ Marie C Gerry D Whiskin E Unrau A. Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior 2012 (The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR/CENTRAL). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x. Oxford: Update Software. Updated quarterly.
    • Accession Number:
      CN-01017919
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TRAINOR LJ et al. Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, [s. l.], v. 1252, n. 1, p. 129–138, 2012. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cgh&AN=CN-01017919. Acesso em: 9 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Trainor LJ, Marie C, Gerry D, Whiskin E, Unrau A. Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2012;1252(1):129-138. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x
    • APA:
      Trainor LJ, Marie C, Gerry D, Whiskin E, & Unrau A. (2012). Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1252(1), 129–138. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Trainor LJ, Marie C, Gerry D, Whiskin E, and Unrau A. 2012. “Becoming Musically Enculturated: Effects of Music Classes for Infants on Brain and Behavior.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1252 (1): 129–38. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x.
    • Harvard:
      Trainor LJ et al. (2012) ‘Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior’, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1252(1), pp. 129–138. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Trainor LJ, Marie C, Gerry D, Whiskin E & Unrau A 2012, ‘Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior’, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1252, no. 1, pp. 129–138, viewed 9 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Trainor LJ, et al. “Becoming Musically Enculturated: Effects of Music Classes for Infants on Brain and Behavior.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1252, no. 1, Jan. 2012, pp. 129–138. EBSCOhost, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Trainor LJ, Marie C, Gerry D, Whiskin E, and Unrau A. “Becoming Musically Enculturated: Effects of Music Classes for Infants on Brain and Behavior.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1252, no. 1 (January 1, 2012): 129–38. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06462.x.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Trainor LJ, Marie C, Gerry D, Whiskin E, Unrau A. Becoming musically enculturated: Effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences [Internet]. 2012 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Aug 9];1252(1):129–38. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cgh&AN=CN-01017919