Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys.

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  • Author(s): Linkov, Václav
  • Source:
    Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science. Jun2014, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p143-160. 18p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Culture
      Mathematics
      Quantitative science
      Race
      Statistics
      Tokenism
    • Abstract:
      Tokenism is a situation in which a member of a distinctive category is treated differently from other people. This article is about the situation in which Tokens (people perceived as distinctive) are considered experts on something for having the properties of a token (the thing which makes them distinctive). Tokens who differ by appearance or by being born into another culture might be considered experts on cultures grouped into the same racial/cultural category. Tokens who differ by being skilled in number-related mathematics might be considered experts on the mathematization of phenomena. Tokens might say that some result is valid for all people in some racial/cultural category without sufficient evidence, or use number-related mathematics as a mathematization of psychological phenomena without trying to find more abstract mathematizations. This harms psychological research. A possible future genesis of cultural and number tokenisms is discussed, and some suggestions to improve the discourse offered. The effect of tokenism might be diminished if psychologists focus on more proper thinking about psychological phenomena. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
      Copyright of Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science is the property of Springer Nature and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      1932-4502
    • DOI:
      10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2
    • Accession Number:
      95993117
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LINKOV, V. Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, [s. l.], v. 48, n. 2, p. 143–160, 2014. DOI 10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=95993117. Acesso em: 15 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Linkov V. Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science. 2014;48(2):143-160. doi:10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2
    • APA:
      Linkov, V. (2014). Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 48(2), 143–160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Linkov, Václav. 2014. “Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys.” Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science 48 (2): 143–60. doi:10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2.
    • Harvard:
      Linkov, V. (2014) ‘Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys’, Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 48(2), pp. 143–160. doi: 10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Linkov, V 2014, ‘Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys’, Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 143–160, viewed 15 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Linkov, Václav. “Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys.” Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, vol. 48, no. 2, June 2014, pp. 143–160. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Linkov, Václav. “Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys.” Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science 48, no. 2 (June 2014): 143–60. doi:10.1007/s12124-014-9266-2.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Linkov V. Tokenism in Psychology: Standing on the Shoulders of Small Boys. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science [Internet]. 2014 Jun [cited 2020 Aug 15];48(2):143–60. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=c9h&AN=95993117