Women's experiences in early physical anthropology.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      gender disparity
      history of physical anthropology
      women in STEM
    • Abstract:
      At the establishment of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in 1930, women comprised 2.4% of the total membership, and 9.7% a decade later. By 2014 ~70% of members were women. Despite these numbers, there are continued gender disparities within the discipline. While there is considerable interest in promoting equity, there is little documentation of the historical experiences of female anthropologists. This article introduces the women active in the discipline during the first decade of the Association, compiles descriptions of their experiences related to their treatment based on gender, and examines these historical perspectives in conjunction with documented trends of continuing gender disparities. A pattern is evident for these early anthropologists of receiving personal and financial discouragement during their education; experiencing discrimination in hiring, promotion, and pay; studying women and children as entrée into professional work; working within the federal government or military; leaving anthropology early in their careers; having their work credited to their male colleagues; experiencing additional limitations if they married; and outwardly downplaying their own experiences of sexism. This pattern is echoed in the experiences of female anthropologists today. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Laboratory, Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, JBPHH HI
    • Full Text Word Count:
      10867
    • ISSN:
      0002-9483
    • Accession Number:
      10.1002/ajpa.23912
    • Accession Number:
      138570435
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WILSON, E. K. Women’s experiences in early physical anthropology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, [s. l.], v. 170, n. 2, p. 308–318, 2019. DOI 10.1002/ajpa.23912. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asr&AN=138570435. Acesso em: 11 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wilson EK. Women’s experiences in early physical anthropology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 2019;170(2):308-318. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23912.
    • AMA11:
      Wilson EK. Women’s experiences in early physical anthropology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 2019;170(2):308-318. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23912
    • APA:
      Wilson, E. K. (2019). Women’s experiences in early physical anthropology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 170(2), 308–318. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23912
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wilson, Emily K. 2019. “Women’s Experiences in Early Physical Anthropology.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 170 (2): 308–18. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23912.
    • Harvard:
      Wilson, E. K. (2019) ‘Women’s experiences in early physical anthropology’, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 170(2), pp. 308–318. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.23912.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wilson, EK 2019, ‘Women’s experiences in early physical anthropology’, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 308–318, viewed 11 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wilson, Emily K. “Women’s Experiences in Early Physical Anthropology.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 170, no. 2, Oct. 2019, pp. 308–318. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1002/ajpa.23912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wilson, Emily K. “Women’s Experiences in Early Physical Anthropology.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 170, no. 2 (October 2019): 308–18. doi:10.1002/ajpa.23912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wilson EK. Women’s experiences in early physical anthropology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology [Internet]. 2019 Oct [cited 2020 Jul 11];170(2):308–18. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asr&AN=138570435