"I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me." Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      cranial index
      craniological collection of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences
      Karl Ernst von Baer
      physical anthropology in Germany
      physical anthropology in Russia
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      What was probably the first collection of human skulls for purposes of study was established by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in Göttingen at the end of the 18th century. In subsequent years, the number of such collections increased, but their importance for scientific research remained modest. A breakthrough took place only in the 1850s when studies on the so‐called cranial index by Karl Ernst von Baer and Anders Retzius gave skull collections a new lease on life, raising physical anthropology from a solely descriptive science to an empirically based "biological anthropology" which used quantitative methods. As a result, Baer was among the first to distinguish between linguistic and morphologic criteria when systematising human populations. This article discusses the development of Baer's ideas concerning the aims and methods of physical anthropology during his career. It pays special attention to the role of scientific collections in moulding Baer's theories. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Geography, University of Tartu, Estonia
      2Centre for Science Studies, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu Estonia
      3Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health, Medical Department, University of Tartu, Estonia
    • ISSN:
      0008-8994
    • Accession Number:
      10.1111/1600-0498.12189
    • Accession Number:
      138312410
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TAMMIKSAAR, E.; KALLING, K. “I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me.” Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe. Centaurus, [s. l.], v. 60, n. 4, p. 276–293, 2018. DOI 10.1111/1600-0498.12189. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asr&AN=138312410. Acesso em: 9 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Tammiksaar E, Kalling K. “I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me.” Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe. Centaurus. 2018;60(4):276-293. doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12189.
    • AMA11:
      Tammiksaar E, Kalling K. “I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me.” Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe. Centaurus. 2018;60(4):276-293. doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12189
    • APA:
      Tammiksaar, E., & Kalling, K. (2018). “I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me.” Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe. Centaurus, 60(4), 276–293. https://doi.org/10.1111/1600-0498.12189
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Tammiksaar, Erki, and Ken Kalling. 2018. “‘I Was Stealing Some Skulls from the Bone Chamber When a Bigamist Cleric Stopped Me.’ Karl Ernst von Baer and the Development of Physical Anthropology in Europe.” Centaurus 60 (4): 276–93. doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12189.
    • Harvard:
      Tammiksaar, E. and Kalling, K. (2018) ‘“I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me.” Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe’, Centaurus, 60(4), pp. 276–293. doi: 10.1111/1600-0498.12189.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Tammiksaar, E & Kalling, K 2018, ‘“I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me.” Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe’, Centaurus, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 276–293, viewed 9 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Tammiksaar, Erki, and Ken Kalling. “‘I Was Stealing Some Skulls from the Bone Chamber When a Bigamist Cleric Stopped Me.’ Karl Ernst von Baer and the Development of Physical Anthropology in Europe.” Centaurus, vol. 60, no. 4, Nov. 2018, pp. 276–293. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12189.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Tammiksaar, Erki, and Ken Kalling. “‘I Was Stealing Some Skulls from the Bone Chamber When a Bigamist Cleric Stopped Me.’ Karl Ernst von Baer and the Development of Physical Anthropology in Europe.” Centaurus 60, no. 4 (November 2018): 276–93. doi:10.1111/1600-0498.12189.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Tammiksaar E, Kalling K. “I was stealing some skulls from the bone chamber when a bigamist cleric stopped me.” Karl Ernst von Baer and the development of physical anthropology in Europe. Centaurus [Internet]. 2018 Nov [cited 2020 Jul 9];60(4):276–93. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asr&AN=138312410